Teaching Robotic Colorectal Surgery
Robotic surgery utilizes computer-aided instruments and platforms to facilitate minimally invasive surgery. The technology is new and advancing rapidly. Unfortunately, the skills needed to master robotic surgery do not directly transfer from the open or laparoscopic experience. Furthermore, the detachment of the surgeon from the operative field, lack of haptic feedback, limitations on visualization, and bulkiness of the machines require constant vigilance for safe maneuvering of instruments to prevent patient injury. As such, a careful, detailed, and precise training program is necessary. A graded approach has shown to efficiently ramp up to mastery.
KeywordsRobotic surgery Training Simulation Resident training Evaluation
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