Environmental, Economic, and Social Impact of Industrial Symbiosis: Methods and Indicators Review

  • Angela Neves
  • Radu Godina
  • Susana G. Azevedo
  • João C. O. MatiasEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics book series (PROMS, volume 281)


Industrial symbiosis is an important approach to achieve sustainability and to reduce significantly wastes. It is, therefore, imperative to evaluate and quantify the real impact of industrial symbiosis in order to provide more synergies between companies and more policies to encourage this practice. This article aims to present a literature review about the methods and indicators used to assess the impact of industrial symbiosis in environmental, economic, and social context. The advantages and limitations of each of them are also listed. This review addresses the economic and environmental aspects are the most studied, all methods and indicators that have been developed, and the advantages that come from industrial symbiosis.


Industrial symbiosis Industrial symbiosis method Industrial symbiosis indicator 



This work was financially supported by the research unit on Governance, Competitiveness and Public Policy (project POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006939), funded by FEDER funds through COMPETE2020—POCI and by national funds through FCT—Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia. Radu Godina would like to acknowledge financial support from Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (UID/EMS/00667/2019).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angela Neves
    • 1
    • 2
  • Radu Godina
    • 3
  • Susana G. Azevedo
    • 2
    • 4
  • João C. O. Matias
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringPolytechnic Institute of ViseuViseuPortugal
  2. 2.University of Beira InteriorCovilhãPortugal
  3. 3.Research and Development Unit in Mechanical and Industrial Engineering (UNIDEMI), Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology (FCT)Universidade NOVA de LisboaCaparicaPortugal
  4. 4.CEFAGE - Department of Business and EconomicsUniversity of Beira InteriorCovilhãPortugal
  5. 5.GOVCOPP and DEGEIT, University of AveiroAveiroPortugal

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