Repeatable Trust Game – Preliminary Experimental Results

  • Anna Motylska-KuzmaEmail author
  • Jacek Mercik
  • Aleksandra Sus
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11431)


This paper discusses the so-called trust game between two players. Player 1 is given some amount of money, which he can transfer in some part or whole to Player 2. The value of the money he transfers will be multiplied by multiplier. Player 2 then decides how much money to transfer back to Player 1. Using computer aided system in our schematic in contrast to the previous research devoted to such games, it is possible (and intentionally it was done) to repeat the matches of the same player pairs with both the same and changed values of general game parameters, i.e. basic amount of money, as well as multiplier. Note also that it is advisable to change roles in individual pairs, i.e. to be the first or the second player, so that it is possible to examine players’ behaviour in the awareness of the role played in a given game not only at a given moment, but also taking into account possible roles in the future. In the classic approach to the trust game, there was no such possibility


Trust game Computer experiments 


  1. 1.
    Akai, K., Netzer, R.J.: Trust and reciprocity among international groups. experimental evidence from Austria and Japan. J. Soc.-Econ. 41, 266–276 (2012)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ashraf, N., Bohnet, I., Piankov, N.: The composing the trust and trustworthiness. Exp. Econ. 9, 193–208 (2006)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Baron, R.A.: Opportunity recognition as pattern recognition: how entrepreneurs “connect the dots” to identify new business opportunities. Acad. Manag. Perspect. 20(1), 104–119 (2006)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Berg, J., Dickhaut, J., McCabe, K.: Trust, reciprocity and social history. Games Econ. Behav. 10, 122–142 (1995)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Camerer, C.F.: Behavioral Game Theory. Experiments in Strategic Interaction. Princeton University Press, Princeton (2003)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fiske, S.T., Taylor, S.E.: Social Cognition: From Brains to Culture. Sage, Thousand Oaks (2013)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gaglio, C.M., Katz, J.A.: The psychological basis of opportunity identification: entrepreneurial alertness. Small Bus. Econ. 16(2), 95–111 (2001)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Guillen, P., Ji, D.: Trust, discrimination and acculturation. Experimental evidence on Asian international and Australian domestic university students. J. Soc.-Econ. 40, 594–608 (2001)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kaish, S., Gilad, B.: Characteristics of opportunities search of entrepreneurs versus executives: sources, interests, general alertness. J. Bus. Ventur. 6(1), 45–61 (1991)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kirzner, I.M.: Creativity and/or alertness: a reconsideration of the Schumpeterian entrepreneur. Rev. Austrian Econ. 11(1–2), 5–17 (1999)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kirzner, I.M.: Perception, Opportunity, and Profit. University of Chicago Press, Chicago (1979)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Krupski, R.: Rodzaje okazji w teorii i praktyce zarządzania (Types of opportunities in management theory and practice). Prace Naukowe Wałbrzyskiej Wyższej Szkoły Zarządzania i Przedsiębiorczości, t.21, Wałbrzych, Polska (2013)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Krupski, R.: Elementy koncepcji zarządzania okazją w organizacji (Elements of the opportunity management concept in the organization), [in:] Dynamika zarządzania organizacjami. Paradygmaty – metody – zastosowania. Prace Naukowe Akademii Ekonomicznej w Katowicach, Katowice, Polska (2007)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Markowska-Przybyła, U., Ramsey, D.: A game theoretical study of generalised trust and reciprocation in Poland. I. Theory and experimental design. Oper. Res. Dec. 24(3), 59–76 (2014)MathSciNetzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    McMullen, J.S., Shepherd, D.A.: Entrepreneurial action and the role of uncertainty in the theory of the entrepreneur. Acad. Manag. Rev. 31(1), 132–152 (2006)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sundaramurthy, C., Lewis, M.: Control and collaboration: paradoxes of governance. Acad. Manag. Rev. 28, 397–415 (2003)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Shane, S., Venkataraman, S.: The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research. Acad. Manag. Rev. 25(1), 217–226 (2000)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Shane, S.: Prior knowledge and the discovery of entrepreneurial opportunities. Organ. Sci. 11(4), 448–469 (2000)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Shepherd, D.A., McMullen, J.S., Jennings, P.D.: The formation of opportunity beliefs: overcoming ignorance and reducing doubt. Strat. Entrepreneurship J. 1(1–2), 75–95 (2007)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Short, J.C., Ketchen Jr., D.J., Shook, C.L., Ireland, R.D.: The concept of “opportunity” in entrepreneurship research: past accomplishments and future challenges. J. Manag. 36(1), 40–65 (2010)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Slonim, R., Garbarino, E.: Increases in trust and altruism from partner selection. Experimental evidence. Exp. Econ. 11, 134–153 (2008)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Tang, J., Kacpar, K.M., Busenitz, L.: Entrepreneurial alertness in the pursuit of new opportunities. J. Bus. Ventur. 27(1), 77–94 (2012)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Tripsas, M.: Customer preference discontinuities: a trigger for radical technological change. Manag. Decis. Econ. 29(2–3), 79–97 (2008)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.WSB University in WroclawWroclawPoland
  2. 2.Wroclaw University of EconomicsWroclawPoland

Personalised recommendations