Effects of Sunlight on Psychological Well-Being, Job Satisfaction and Confinement Perception of Workplace: The Case of Shopkeepers and Marketers

Part of the Studies in Systems, Decision and Control book series (SSDC, volume 202)


This study has as main objective to observe the difference in job satisfaction, psychological well-being and perceived confinement of commercial workers due to solar exposure in the work space. For this purpose, a quasi-experimental design of non-equivalent groups with a unifactorial design of three conditions was carried out: null exposure (internal shopping stores); indirect exposure (street stores) and direct exposure (fairs and street markets). Participants, out of a total of 184 answered a self-reported questionnaire applied at the workplace. The results showed that the participants in the direct exposure work places present superior mean values in the variables compared to the other conditions’ participants. Perceived confinement has a predictive effect on job satisfaction and on psychological well-being, which meets what was expected.


Artificial light Job satisfaction Perceived confinement Psychological well-being Sunlight 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidade do AlgarveFaroPortugal
  2. 2.CIP—Centro de Investigação em PsicologiaUniversidade AutónomaLisbonPortugal
  3. 3.CIMA—Centro de Investigação Marinha e AmbientalUniversidade do AlgarveFaroPortugal

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