On the Dynamics of Culture

  • Juri Lotman


One of the most important assumptions in semiotics is the existence of a space before or outside semioticization, against which the fundamental concepts of semiotics are defined. Such an approach is entirely justified from a heuristic point of view. The error consists in the mixing of principles that occurs when we begin to confuse logical conventions for empirical reality.

A similar convention is the assumed existence in dynamic processes of some kind of starting point, a relative zero, although a “zero state” is never available to us in empirical reality.


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juri Lotman
    • 1
  1. 1.University of TartuTartuEstonia

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