Violence or Nonviolence? A Comparison of Costs and Effectiveness

  • Geoff HarrisEmail author


Violence is a common response to conflicts and is widely assumed to be more effective than nonviolent approaches. This chapter reviews the evidence concerning the costs and effectiveness of violence and nonviolence in four major areas – campaigns to bring about social change, corporal punishment to bring up ‘good’ children, deterring criminal behaviour by long sentences and harsh treatment of offenders and high levels of military capacity to provide security at the national level.


Nonviolent campaigns Corporal punishment Retributive justice Military capacity 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Durban University of TechnologyDurbanSouth Africa

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