Implementing Patient and Carer Participation in Self-Care and Co-Care in Sweden: Policy, Practice and the Future of Person-Centred Care
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In this chapter we present how Sweden has conceptualized patient-, citizen- and carer- engagement and participation at different levels: (a) in formulating policy for health and healthcare, (b) in decisions and planning the overall structure of a healthcare system, including the siting of services, (c) in designing the organization of care at a service level, (d) in planning and taking part in their own individual care and (e) in providing information about outcomes of care and experiences of care. The model is based on co-care and enables self-care to reduce the widening gaps between needs and supply and between cost and affordability. It also mobilizes certain changes and more use of modern change sciences to help to move healthcare towards the more person-centred services represented by self-care and co-care approaches.
KeywordsCo-care Self-care Patient citizen and carer engagement Healthcare policy Healthcare system Healthcare organization Individual care
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