Skip to main content

Religious Pluralism, Interfaith Dialogue and Postwar Lebanon

  • 272 Accesses

Part of the Palgrave Studies in Lived Religion and Societal Challenges book series (PSLRSC)

Abstract

In Lebanon, civil society organisations engaging youth in interreligious activity face a twofold challenge: how to build a rich, sustainable, socially engaged religious pluralism based on mutual empathy and trust among young people, and how to do so against a backdrop of often-ossified post-war identities, geographies and patterns of living. This chapter contributes to the academic literature on interreligious engagement in Lebanon by presenting a snapshot of the most recent youth work of two of the most active organisations in this area: Adyan and Dialogue for Life (DLR). We argue that these organizations help to build a third way between calls for the re-confessionalisation and de-confessionalisation of Lebanese politics. A challenge remains of how to translate values of emotionally engaged religious pluralism, cultivated in ‘spaces apart’ within civil society, into both everyday life in Lebanon and into the state’s institutions.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-13811-0_5
  • Chapter length: 28 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   84.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-13811-0
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   109.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   149.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Notes

  1. 1.

    The Ta’if Agreement 1990, Section II, Political Reform, Clause G—http://www.presidency.gov.lb/Arabic/LebaneseSystem/Documents/TaefAgreementEn.pdf [accessed 4 June 2019].

  2. 2.

    Interview 7/2/2018.

  3. 3.

    Interview 7/5/2018.

  4. 4.

    Interview 7/4/2018.

  5. 5.

    Interview 11/9/2018.

  6. 6.

    Interview 7/03/2018.

  7. 7.

    Interview 7/3/2018.

  8. 8.

    Interview 7/10/2018.

  9. 9.

    Interview 7/5/2018.

  10. 10.

    Interview 19/7/2018.

  11. 11.

    Interview 19/7/2018.

References

  • Abillama, Raja. 2018. Contesting Secularism: Civil Marriage and Those Who Do Not Belong to a Religious Community in Lebanon. Polar—Political and Legal Anthropological Review 41 (1): 148–162.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Adyan Publication, The Tenth Year: 2016.

    Google Scholar 

  • Adyan website: http://adyanfoundation.org/ and https://taadudiya.com/.

  • Adyan, White paper, Freedom of Religion and Belief in the Framework of Civil-Religious and Christian-Muslim Dialogues, Beirut, June 2018.

    Google Scholar 

  • Akar, Bassel. 2016. Learning Active Citizenship: Conflicts Between Students’ Conceptualisations of Citizenship and Classroom Learning Experiences in Lebanon. British Journal of Sociology of Education 37 (2): 288–312.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Amin, Ash. 2002. Ethnicity and the Multicultural City: Living with Diversity. Environment and Planning A 34 (6): 959–980.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Arinze, Francis. 2001. The Church and Interreligious Dialogue. Logos 4 (1): 156–177.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Asad, Talal. 1993. Genealogies of Religion: Disciplines and Reasons of Power in Christianity and Islam. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Asad, Talal. 2003. Formations of the Secular: Christianity, Islam, Modernity. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Barthes, Roland. 2009 (1972). Mythologies, trans. Annette Lavers. New York: Vintage Classics.

    Google Scholar 

  • Baytiyeh, Hoda. 2017. Has the Educational System in Lebanon Contributed to the Growing Sectarian Divisions? Education and Urban Society 49 (5): 546–559.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Brewer, M., and N. Miller. 1984. Beyond the Contact Hypothesis: Theoretical Perspectives on Desegregation. In Groups in Contact: The Psychology of Desegregation, ed. N. Miller and M. Brewer, 89–111. Orlando: Academic Press.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • de Heredia, Marta Iñiguez. 2018. The Conspicuous Absence of Class and Privilege in the Study of Resistance in Peacebuilding Contexts. International Peacekeeping 25 (3): 325–348.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Fakhoury, Tamirace. 2016. Youth Politics in Lebanon: A Call for Citizen Empowerment. SAHWA Policy Paper 9.

    Google Scholar 

  • Frayha, Nemer. 2009. The Negative Face of the Lebanese Education System. Available online at: http://www.Lebanonrenaissance.org/assets/Uploads/0-The-negative-face-of-the-Lebaneseeducation-system-by-Nmer-Frayha-2009.pdf.

  • Gutkowski, Stacey. 2016. We Are the Very Model of a Moderate Muslim State? The Amman Messages and Jordan’s Foreign Policy. International Relations 30 (2): 206–226.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Habermas, Jürgen. 2006. Religion in the Public Sphere. European Journal of Philosophy 14 (1): 1–25.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck, and Rahel Fischbach. 2015. Interfaith Dialogue in Lebanon: Between a Power Balancing Act and Theological Encounters. Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations 26 (4): 423–442.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Harb, Mona. 2016. Assessing Youth Exclusion Through Discourse and Policy Analysis: The Case of Lebanon. Power2Youth Working Paper, No. 8: 1–30.

    Google Scholar 

  • Harris, Margaret, and Patricia Young. 2009. Developing Community and Social Cohesion Through Grassroots Bridge-Building: An Exploration. Policy & Politics 37 (4): 517–534.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Haugbolle, Sune. 2010. War and Memory in Lebanon. New York: Cambridge University Press.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Haugerød, Cecilie. 2011. Creating a New ‘We’: A Qualitative Study of Inter-religious Dialogue Among Young Adults in Lebanon. MA thesis, University of Oslo. https://www.duo.uio.no/bitstream/handle/10852/32855/Masteroppgave.Haugerxd.pdf?sequence=1. Accessed 15 Oct 2018.

  • Henley, Alexander D.M. 2015. Remaking the Mosaic: Religious Leaders and Secular Borders in the Colonial Levant. Religion and Society: Advances in Research 6: 155–168.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Hirvonen, Heidi. 2013. Christian-Muslim Dialogue: Perspectives of Four Lebanese Thinkers. Leiden: Brill.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Hurd, Elizabeth Shakman. 2008. The Politics of Secularism in International Relations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Khalaf, Samir. 2002. Civil and Uncivil Violence: A History of the Internationalisation of Communal Conflict in Lebanon. New York: Columbia University Press.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Khoury, Amal. 2007. Interfaith Dialogue in Lebanon. A Cornerstone for Healing and Overcoming Sectarian Divides. In Unity in Diversity: Interfaith Dialogue in the Middle East, ed. Mohammed Abu-Nimer, Amal Khoury, and Emily Welty, 95–140. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Larkin, Craig. 2010. Beyond the War? The Lebanese Postmemory Experience. International Journal of Middle East Studies 42 (4): 615–635.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Larkin, Craig. 2012. Memory and Conflict in Lebanon: Remembering and Forgetting the Past. London: Routledge.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Larkin, Craig. 2013. Speaking in the Silence: Youthful Negotiations of Beirut’s Postwar Spaces and Memories. In Locating Urban Conflicts: Ethnicity, Nationalism, Religion, ed. Wendy Pullan and Britt Ballie, 93–114. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Larkin, Craig, and Olivia Midha. 2015. The Alawis of Tripoli: Identity, Violence and Urban Geopolitics. In The Alawis of Syria: War, Faith and Politics in the Levant, ed. Michael Kerr and Craig Larkin. London: Hurst/Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Leirvik, Oddbjørn. 2006. Islam og Kristendom. Konflikt eller Dialog? Oslo: Pax Forlag.

    Google Scholar 

  • Machacek, David. 2003. The Problem of Pluralism. Sociology of Religion 64 (2): 145–161.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • MARCH Lebanon website: https://www.marchlebanon.org/.

  • Massey, Doreen. 1995. The Conceptualisation of Place. In A Place in the World: Places, Cultures and Globalisation, ed. Doreen Massey and Pat Jess. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mitri, Tarek. 1997. Interreligious and Intercultural Dialogue in the Mediterranean Area During a Period of Globalisation. Prospects 27 (1): 123–127.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Nahas, Charbel. 2011. Financing and Political Economy of Higher Education: The Case of Lebanon. Prospects 41 (1): 69–95.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Naylor, Ruth. 2015. Curriculum Development in Fragile States to Encourage Peace and Reduction of Conflict. CfBT Education Trust.

    Google Scholar 

  • Orsi, Robert A. 2005. Between Heaven and Earth: The Religious Worlds People Make and the Scholars Who Study Them. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Panchetti, Benedetta. 2017. The First Ever Lebanese Non-religious Marriage: An Ethnography from a Beirut Secular Setting. Urbanities—Journal of Urban Ethnography 7 (1): 63–78.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pettigrew, Thomas F. 1998. Intergroup Contact Theory. Annual Review of Psychology 49: 65–85 (Annual Reviews Inc.).

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Riis, Ole. 1999. Modes of Religious Pluralism Under Conditions of Globalisation. In Democracy and Human Rights in Multicultural Societies, ed. Matthias Koenig and Paul A. Guchteneire. Ashgate: UNESCO, 2007.

    Google Scholar 

  • Scheffler, Thomas. 2003. Interreligious Dialogue and Cultural Diplomacy in the Middle East. Paper presented at DAVO Congress, Hamburg. Available online: https://www.uibk.ac.at/plattform-wrg/vorlesungen/vorlesungen_seit_2004/text_gv_scheffler_dialogue_and_diplomacy.pdf.

  • Scheffler, Thomas. 2007. Interreligious Dialogue and Peacebuilding. Die Friedens-Warte 82 (2/3): 173–187.

    Google Scholar 

  • Seidman, Steven. 2012. The Politics of Cosmopolitan Beirut: From the Stranger to the Other. Theory Culture Society 29 (3): 3–36.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Shuayb, Maha. 2007. Education: A Means for the Cohesion of the Lebanese Confessional Society. Breaking the Cycle: 167–195.

    Google Scholar 

  • Siddiqui, Mona. 2015. My Way: A Muslim’s Woman’s Journey. London: I.B. Tauris.

    Google Scholar 

  • Vollebergh, Anick. 2016. The Other Neighbour Paradox: Fantasies and Frustrations of ‘Living Together’ in Antwerp. Patterns of Prejudice 50 (2): 129–149.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Woodhead, Linda. 2011. Five Concepts of Religion. International Review of Sociology 21 (1): 121–143.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Yassin, Nasser. 2012. Sects and the City: Understanding the Socio-spatial Perceptions and Practices of the Youth in Post-2005 Beirut. In Lebanon After the Cedar Revolution, ed. Michael Kerr and Are Knudsen. London: Hurst & Co.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Stacey Gutkowski .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2019 The Author(s)

About this chapter

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Gutkowski, S., Larkin, C., Daou, A.M. (2019). Religious Pluralism, Interfaith Dialogue and Postwar Lebanon. In: Bock, JJ., Fahy, J., Everett, S. (eds) Emergent Religious Pluralisms. Palgrave Studies in Lived Religion and Societal Challenges. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-13811-0_5

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-13811-0_5

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Palgrave Macmillan, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-13810-3

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-13811-0

  • eBook Packages: Social SciencesSocial Sciences (R0)