Skip to main content

Interdigitated Sensing and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
Printed Flexible Sensors


This chapter elucidates the working principle of the different sensor prototypes that have been explained in the subsequent chapters. The electrodes of all the sensors were shaped in an interdigitated manner, working on the capacitive principle. Due to the flexible and interdigital nature of the sensors, the developed prototypes displayed dual nature of functionality. They were operated as electrochemical sensors with different solutions and as strain strains as a result of a change in dimensions with induced pressure. The sensors were conjugated with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy to determine the changes in impedance values with respect to different inputs provided as per specific applications.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or eBook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD 84.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Hardcover Book
USD 109.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions


  • Afsarimanesh N, Mukhopadhyay SC, Kruger M (2017) Molecularly imprinted polymer-based electrochemical biosensor for bone loss detection. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng

    Google Scholar 

  • Afsarimanesh N, Mukhopadhyay SC, Kruger M, Yu P-L, Kosel J (2016) Sensors and instrumentation towards early detection of osteoporosis. In: Instrumentation and measurement technology conference proceedings (I2MTC), 2016 IEEE International. IEEE, pp 1–6

    Google Scholar 

  • Alahi MEE, Nag A, Mukhopadhyay SC, Burkitt L (2018) A temperature-compensated graphene sensor for nitrate monitoring in real-time application. Sens Actuators, A 269:79–90

    Google Scholar 

  • Cai L et al (2013) Super-stretchable, transparent carbon nanotube-based capacitive strain sensors for human motion detection. Sci Rep 3

    Google Scholar 

  • Khan MRR, Kang S-W (2015) Highly sensitive multi-channel IDC sensor array for low concentration taste detection. Sensors 15:13201–13221

    Google Scholar 

  • Lasia A (2002) Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and its applications. In: Modern aspects of electrochemistry, Springer, pp 143–248

    Google Scholar 

  • Matsuzaki R, Todoroki A (2007) Wireless flexible capacitive sensor based on ultra-flexible epoxy resin for strain measurement of automobile tires. Sens Actuators, A 140:32–42

    Google Scholar 

  • Mukhopadhyay SC, Gooneratne CP (2007) A novel planar-type biosensor for noninvasive meat inspection. Sens J IEEE 7:1340–1346

    Google Scholar 

  • Nag A, Afasrimanesh N, Feng S, Mukhopadhyay SC (2018) Strain induced graphite/PDMS sensors for biomedical applications. Sens Actuators A 271:257–269

    Google Scholar 

  • Nag A, Zia AI, Li X, Mukhopadhyay SC, Kosel J (2016) Novel sensing approach for LPG leakage detection—part ii: effects of particle size, composition, and coating layer thickness. IEEE Sens J 16:1088–1094

    Google Scholar 

  • Ngo T-T, Bourjilat A, Claudel J, Kourtiche D, Nadi M (2016) Design and realization of a planar interdigital microsensor for biological medium characterization. In: Next generation sensors and systems, Springer, pp 23–54

    Google Scholar 

  • Pajkossy T, Jurczakowski R (2017) Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy in interfacial studies. Curr Opin Electrochem 1:53–58

    Google Scholar 

  • Zia AI, Mohd Syaifudin A, Mukhopadhyay S, Al-Bahadly I, Yu P, Gooneratne C, Kosel J Development of Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy based sensing system for DEHP detection. In: 2011 fifth international conference on sensing technology (ICST). IEEE, pp 666–674

    Google Scholar 

  • Zia AI, Mukhopadhyay S, Al-Bahadly I, Yu P, Gooneratne CP, Kosel J (2014) Introducing molecular selectivity in rapid impedimetric sensing of phthalates. In: Instrumentation and measurement technology conference (I2MTC) proceedings, 2014 IEEE International, pp 838–843

    Google Scholar 

  • Zia AI, Mukhopadhyay SC, Yu P-L, Al-Bahadly IH, Gooneratne CP, Kosel J (2015) Rapid and molecular selective electrochemical sensing of phthalates in aqueous solution. Biosens Bioelectron 67:342–349

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Anindya Nag .

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2019 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Nag, A., Mukhopadhyay, S.C., Kosel, J. (2019). Interdigitated Sensing and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy. In: Printed Flexible Sensors. Smart Sensors, Measurement and Instrumentation, vol 33. Springer, Cham.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-13764-9

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-13765-6

  • eBook Packages: EngineeringEngineering (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics