Interdigitated Sensing and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy

  • Anindya NagEmail author
  • Subhas Chandra Mukhopadhyay
  • Jurgen Kosel
Part of the Smart Sensors, Measurement and Instrumentation book series (SSMI, volume 33)


This chapter elucidates the working principle of the different sensor prototypes that have been explained in the subsequent chapters. The electrodes of all the sensors were shaped in an interdigitated manner, working on the capacitive principle. Due to the flexible and interdigital nature of the sensors, the developed prototypes displayed dual nature of functionality. They were operated as electrochemical sensors with different solutions and as strain strains as a result of a change in dimensions with induced pressure. The sensors were conjugated with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy to determine the changes in impedance values with respect to different inputs provided as per specific applications.


  1. Afsarimanesh N, Mukhopadhyay SC, Kruger M (2017) Molecularly imprinted polymer-based electrochemical biosensor for bone loss detection. IEEE Trans Biomed EngGoogle Scholar
  2. Afsarimanesh N, Mukhopadhyay SC, Kruger M, Yu P-L, Kosel J (2016) Sensors and instrumentation towards early detection of osteoporosis. In: Instrumentation and measurement technology conference proceedings (I2MTC), 2016 IEEE International. IEEE, pp 1–6Google Scholar
  3. Alahi MEE, Nag A, Mukhopadhyay SC, Burkitt L (2018) A temperature-compensated graphene sensor for nitrate monitoring in real-time application. Sens Actuators, A 269:79–90Google Scholar
  4. Cai L et al (2013) Super-stretchable, transparent carbon nanotube-based capacitive strain sensors for human motion detection. Sci Rep 3Google Scholar
  5. Khan MRR, Kang S-W (2015) Highly sensitive multi-channel IDC sensor array for low concentration taste detection. Sensors 15:13201–13221Google Scholar
  6. Lasia A (2002) Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and its applications. In: Modern aspects of electrochemistry, Springer, pp 143–248Google Scholar
  7. Matsuzaki R, Todoroki A (2007) Wireless flexible capacitive sensor based on ultra-flexible epoxy resin for strain measurement of automobile tires. Sens Actuators, A 140:32–42Google Scholar
  8. Mukhopadhyay SC, Gooneratne CP (2007) A novel planar-type biosensor for noninvasive meat inspection. Sens J IEEE 7:1340–1346Google Scholar
  9. Nag A, Afasrimanesh N, Feng S, Mukhopadhyay SC (2018) Strain induced graphite/PDMS sensors for biomedical applications. Sens Actuators A 271:257–269Google Scholar
  10. Nag A, Zia AI, Li X, Mukhopadhyay SC, Kosel J (2016) Novel sensing approach for LPG leakage detection—part ii: effects of particle size, composition, and coating layer thickness. IEEE Sens J 16:1088–1094Google Scholar
  11. Ngo T-T, Bourjilat A, Claudel J, Kourtiche D, Nadi M (2016) Design and realization of a planar interdigital microsensor for biological medium characterization. In: Next generation sensors and systems, Springer, pp 23–54Google Scholar
  12. Pajkossy T, Jurczakowski R (2017) Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy in interfacial studies. Curr Opin Electrochem 1:53–58Google Scholar
  13. Zia AI, Mohd Syaifudin A, Mukhopadhyay S, Al-Bahadly I, Yu P, Gooneratne C, Kosel J Development of Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy based sensing system for DEHP detection. In: 2011 fifth international conference on sensing technology (ICST). IEEE, pp 666–674Google Scholar
  14. Zia AI, Mukhopadhyay S, Al-Bahadly I, Yu P, Gooneratne CP, Kosel J (2014) Introducing molecular selectivity in rapid impedimetric sensing of phthalates. In: Instrumentation and measurement technology conference (I2MTC) proceedings, 2014 IEEE International, pp 838–843Google Scholar
  15. Zia AI, Mukhopadhyay SC, Yu P-L, Al-Bahadly IH, Gooneratne CP, Kosel J (2015) Rapid and molecular selective electrochemical sensing of phthalates in aqueous solution. Biosens Bioelectron 67:342–349Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anindya Nag
    • 1
    Email author
  • Subhas Chandra Mukhopadhyay
    • 2
  • Jurgen Kosel
    • 3
  1. 1.School of EngineeringMacquarie UniversitySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.School of EngineeringMacquarie UniversitySydneyAustralia
  3. 3.King Abdullah University of Science and TechnologyThuwalSaudi Arabia

Personalised recommendations