Patents for All: A Content Analysis of an Open-access Dataset of Colombian Patents 1930–2000

  • Julián David Cortés-SánchezEmail author


The production of knowledge stock is essential for the long-term growth of a nation. One component of knowledge stock is patents. The publication of patents, nevertheless, is unevenly distributed around the world. To better understand these inequalities in the context of a developing country such as Colombia, it is crucial to integrate historical insights into institutions and economic outputs. Despite this need, peer-reviewed literature on the history of patents in Colombia is scarce. In this context, we look at a barely known or cited work entitled Inventos y patentes en Colombia 1930–2000, published by Alberto Mayor in 2005. He recorded more than 1500 patents granted between 1930 and 2000. Using this historical dataset, we discuss the historical pathway regarding the publication of patents and inventions in Colombia between 1930 and 2000 by identifying critical factors such as patent registration by year, coefficient of invention, type of inventor (male, female, group of inventors, or a company), geographical location, classification, and a content analysis of the text corpus of the patent titles.


Patents Colombia Content analysis 



The author would like to thank Daniel García Rojas and William Andrés Muñoz for their research assistance.


  1. Acemoglu, D., & Robinson, J. (2013). Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty. New York: Crown Publishers.Google Scholar
  2. Acemoglu, D., García-Jimeno, C., & Robinson, J. (2012). Finding Eldorado: Slavery and Long-run Development in Colombia. Journal of Comparative Economics, 40(4), 534–564.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Aguero, C. (2017). Collaborative Networks and Patent Production in Andean Community of Nations Universities (UCANS), 2005–2015. Revista Española de Documentación Científica, 40(2), e172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bejarano, J. (1987). El despegue cafetero (1990–1928). In J. Ocampo (Ed.), Historia Económica de Colombia. Retrieved from
  5. Bettencourt, L., Lobo, J., & Strumskyc, D. (2007). Invention in the City: Increasing Returns to Patenting as Scaling Function of Metropolitan Size. Research Policy, 36(1), 107–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bettencourt, L., Lobo, J., Strumskyc, D., & West, G. (2010). Urban Scaling and Its Deviations: Revealing the Structure of Wealth, Innovation and Crime Across Cities. PlosOne, 5(11), e13541.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Boyle, M., & Hall, C. (2016). Teaching Don Quixote in the Digital Age: Page and Screen, Visual and Tactile. Hispania, 99(4), 600–614.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Campos, E., & Campos, C. (2014). Biotechnological Overview of Latin America from the Perspective of Immunological Patents. Revista Cubana de Información en Ciencias de la Salud, 25(2), 172–182.Google Scholar
  9. Del Socorro López Gómez, M., Simón, R. S., Gómez, F. C., & Tobón, C. G. (2009). The Processes Involved in a Management Model for University Patents. Ingenieria e Investigacion, 29(2), 135–141.Google Scholar
  10. Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (DANE). (1985–1998). Proyección de población. Retrieved from
  11. Enciclopedia Britannica. (n.d.). Thomas Alva Edison, Biography. Retrieved from
  12. Godin, B. (2017). Models of Innovation: The History of an Idea. London: The MIT Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hall, B., Jaffe, A., & Trajtenberg, M. (2005). Market Value and Patent Citations. RAND Journal of Economics, 36(1), 16–38.Google Scholar
  14. Harari, Y. (2015). Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow. London: Harvill Secker.Google Scholar
  15. Hasan, I., & Tucci, C. (2010). The Innovation–economic Growth Nexus: Global Evidence. Research Policy, 39(10), 1264–1276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hidalgo, C., Klinger, B., Barabási, A., & Hausmann, R. (2007). The Product Space Conditions the Development of Nations. Science, 317(5837), 485–487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Holland, M. (1928a). Research, Science, and Invention. In F. Wile (Ed.), A Century of Industrial Progress (pp. 312–334). New York: Doubleday, Doran.Google Scholar
  18. Holland, M. (1928b). Industrial Explorers. New York: Harper.Google Scholar
  19. Hu, A., & Png, I. (2010). Patent Rights and Economic Growth: Evidence from Cross-Country Panels of Manufacturing Industries. Retrieved from
  20. Institute for Women’s Policy Research (IWPR). (2016). Annual Report. Retrieved from
  21. Inter-American Bank. (2014). Women in Science and Technology: What Does the Literature Say? Washington: Inter-American Bank.Google Scholar
  22. Jaffe, A., & Trajtenberg, M. (1996). Flows of Knowledge from Universities and Federal Laboratories: Modeling the Flow of Patent Citations Over Time and Across Institutional and Geographic Boundaries. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 93(23), 12671–12677.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Jones, C., & Romer, P. (2009). The New Kaldor Facts: Ideas, Institutions, Population, and Human Capital. Massachusetts: National Bureau of Economic Research.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Mayor, A. (2005). Inventos y patentes en Colombia 1930–2000: De los límites de las herramientas a las fronteras del conocimiento. Medellín: Instituto Técnico Metropolitano.Google Scholar
  25. Mazzucato, M. (2013). The Entrepreneurial State: Debunking Public vs. Private Sector Myths. New York: Public Affairs.Google Scholar
  26. Munafò, M., & Smith, G. (2018). Robust Research Needs Many Lines of Evidence. Nature, 553, 399–401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. North, D. (1989). Institutions and Economic Growth: An Historical Introduction. World Development, 17(9), 1319–1332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Observatorio Colombiano de Ciencia y Tecnología (OCyT). (2004–2015). Indicadores de ciencia y tecnología – Colombia. Bogotá: OCyT.Google Scholar
  29. Observatorio Colombiano de Ciencia y Tecnología (OCyT). (2015). Indicadores de ciencia y tecnología, Colombia. Bogotá: OCyT.Google Scholar
  30. OCyT. (n.d.). Historia. Retrieved from
  31. Open Science Collaboration. (2015). Estimating the Reproducibility of Psychological Science. Science, 349(6251), 943.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Rennie, R. (2002). History and Policy-making. International Social Science Journal, 50(156), 289–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Robledo, J., & Saavedra, J. (2016). Patents and Economic Growth: ¿Innovation of Residents and Non-residents? Desarrollo y Sociedad, 2016(76), 243–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Rother, H. (1968). El proceso de urbanización en Colombia. Revista de la Universidad Nacional (1944–1992), 1, 191–223.Google Scholar
  35. Sánchez, J., Medina, J., & León, A. (2007). The International Publication of Patents by Colombian Organizations and Inventors. Cuadernos de Economía, 26(47), 247–270.Google Scholar
  36. Sinclair, S., & Geoffrey R. (2016). Voyant Tools. Retrieved from
  37. Superintendencia de Industria y Comercio (SIC). (n.d.-a). Historia. Retrieved from
  38. Superintendencia de Industria y Comercio (SIC). (n.d.-b). Compendio de normas. Retrieved from
  39. The World Bank. (2011). The Changing Wealth of Nations: Measuring Sustainable Development in the New Millennium. Washington: The World Bank.Google Scholar
  40. Trajtenberg, M. (1990). A Penny for Your Quotes: Patent Citations and the Value of Innovations. The Rand Journal of Economics, 21(1), 172–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. UNESCO Institute for Statistics. (2015). STEM and Gender Advancement. Retrieved from
  42. US Department of Commerce. (2011). Women in STEM: A Gender Gap to Innovation. Retrieved from
  43. WIPO. (1971). Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT). Retrieved from
  44. WIPO. (2015). IP Statistics Data Center. Retrieved from
  45. WIPO. (2017a). Guide to the International Patent Classification. Retrieved from
  46. WIPO. (2017b). Statistical Country Profiles: Colombia. Retrieved from
  47. World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). (n.d.). What Is a Patent? Retrieved from

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of ManagementUniversidad del RosarioBogotáColombia

Personalised recommendations