Geographic Information Systems (GIS) have a vital role on broadening the understanding of the relationship of space, place, and culture. In recent years, a steady increase in the use of GIS in the fields of Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Management can be attested . GIS has nowadays become one of the most versatile and comprehensive analytical tools in Archaeology in terms of handling archaeological data and exploring human space .
In this paper we will present the contribution of GIS in the study of the historical mortars of one of the most important castles in the Peloponnese, the castle of Androusa in Messenia. GIS was used in the documentation of the fortification of the castle and in the organization and archiving of the analyses of mortars. An interactive database was created, including the fortification ground plan, photographs and the results of the analytical study of eleven mortar samples. This database offers an easy access platform of the archiving data, with the potential of continuous update, while maintaining the historical and archaeological data in the same time.
- Castle of Androusa
- Construction phases
- Interactive database
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The Chronicle of Morea is a long history text that contains a great amount of information regarding the Frankish conquest of mainland Greece. It was probably first written in French, but there are also versions in Greek, Italian and Aragonese, all of which have slight differences .
The Aragonese version of the Chronicle of Morea mentions in paragraph 216: «…et en la castelania de Calamata fizo fer el castiello de Druges…» (meaning the castle of Androusa) .
Old maps constitute a valuable source of information regarding the historical landscape. In recent years, they are widely used in archaeology, mainly due to the rapid increase of the use of GIS and the potentials it offers .
The correlation of the maps was based on the coordinates of the digitized fortification plan of the topographical map, provided by the Ephorate of Antiquities of Messenia since it was more accurate.
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The authors of the paper are thankful to the personnel of the Ephorate of Antiquities of Messenia for providing access to the archaeological and bibliographical material.
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Vryonis, P., Malaperdas, G., Palamara, E., Zacharias, N. (2019). Α Historical Mortars Study Assisted by GIS Technologies. In: Moropoulou, A., Korres, M., Georgopoulos, A., Spyrakos, C., Mouzakis, C. (eds) Transdisciplinary Multispectral Modeling and Cooperation for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage. TMM_CH 2018. Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol 961. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-12957-6_37
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Print ISBN: 978-3-030-12956-9
Online ISBN: 978-3-030-12957-6