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Coordinated Scheduling of Fuel Cell-Electric Vehicles and Solar Power Generation Considering Vehicle to Grid Bidirectional Energy Transfer Mode

  • Benslama SamiEmail author
  • Nasri Sihem
  • Zafar Bassam
  • Cherif Adnen
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS, volume 69)

Abstract

Home-to-Vehicle (H2V) appears as an interesting research area due to its public services that incorporates new technologies and new devices for better life quality. The objective is to study and analyze house energy needs to optimize more efficiently the energy production for an optimal economy. In this context, hydrogen-based hybrid electric stand-alone systems are considered as a promising option to ensure efficient power generation without interruption and to meet fuel vehicles requirements. To perform this, a specific H2V simulation system is developed incorporating electrolyzer technology, solar energy and a Supercapacitor. Thus, to maintain the energy balance between demand and production, the excess electrical energy will be stored under different forms (electrical or chemical (H2 gas)) according to system constrains. Therefore, the produced hydrogen through the excess will fueled the vehicle after the analysis of its state need. In fact, the flows exchange will be performed between the home and the PEMFC hybrid electric vehicle while supplying the appropriate amount H2. Therefore, it is necessary to develop an intelligent energy management (IEM) for the H2V system. The proposed IEM processes user preferences and manages the energy production and storage. The results obtained are discussed and tested using MATLAB/Simulink software.

Keywords

Hydrogen Supercapacitor Vehicle Control Storage Production H2V 

Nomenclature

IGEN

PV generated current (A)

IDEM

Load consumption current (A)

IAP

Appliance consumption current (A)

QP

H2 produced amount (mol)

SOCSC

Supercapacitor state of charge

ISC

Supercapacitor current (A)

ISCmax

Supercapacitor maximum current (A)

Pst

Tank pressure (bar)

Tst

Tank temperature (°C)

Vst

Tank volume (l)

SOCH2

H2 tank state of charge

QS

H2 tank Stored amount (mol)

QmaxS

H2 tank maximum stored amount (mol)

NEL

Electrolyze cell numbers

SOCEST

Estimated H2 tank state of charge

SOCCH

Estimated Supercapacitor state of charge

IST

Estimated excess generated current (A)

ISCCH

Supercapacitor charging current (A)

QH2V

Vehicle fuel delivery (mol)

Qn

H2 needed amount (mol)

QVEH

Vehicle fuel reserve (mol)

F

Faraday constant

R

Ideal gas constant

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benslama Sami
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nasri Sihem
    • 2
  • Zafar Bassam
    • 1
  • Cherif Adnen
    • 2
  1. 1.Information System DepartmentKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Analysis and Processing of Electric and Energetic Systems Unit, Faculty of SciencesTunis EL MANAR IITunisTunisia

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