Ajufo, B. I. (2013). Challenges of youth unemployment in Nigeria: Effective career guidance as a panacea. African Research Review, 7(1), 307–321.
Aladekomo, F. O. (2004). Nigeria educational policy and entrepreneurship. Journal of Social Sciences, 9(2), 75–83.
Atiase, V. Y., Mahmood, S., Wang, Y., & Botchie, D. (2018). Developing entrepreneurship in Africa: Investigating critical resource challenges. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 25(4), 644–666.
Awogbenle, A. C., & Iwuamadi, K. C. (2010). Youth unemployment: Entrepreneurship development programme as an intervention mechanism. African Journal of Business Management, 4(6), 831–835.
Bosma, N., & Schutjens, V. (2011). Understanding regional variation in entrepreneurial activity and entrepreneurial attitude in Europe. The Annals of Regional Science, 47(3), 711–742.
Bosma, N., Sanders, M., & Stam, E. (2018). Institutions, entrepreneurship, and economic growth in Europe. Small Business Economics, 51, 1–17.
Brixiová, Z., & Kangoye, T. (2016). Gender and constraints to entrepreneurship in Africa: New evidence from Swaziland. Journal of Business Venturing Insights, 5, 1–8.
Brixiová, Z., Ncube, M., & Bicaba, Z. (2015). Skills and youth entrepreneurship in Africa: Analysis with evidence from Swaziland. World Development, 67, 11–26.
Chigunta, F. (2017). Entrepreneurship as a possible solution to youth unemployment in Africa. Laboring and Learning, 10, 433–451.
Chowdhury, F., Desai, S., & Audretsch, D. B. (2018). Introduction and overview. In Corruption, entrepreneurship, and social welfare (pp. 1–8). Cham: Springer.
Davidsson, P. (2015). Data replication and extension: A commentary. Journal of Business Venturing Insights, 3, 12–15.
Davidsson, P. (2016). The power of replication. In Researching entrepreneurship (pp. 247–284). Cham: Springer.
Davidsson, P. (2017). A future of entrepreneurship research: Domain, data, theory, and impact. In G. Ahmetoglu, T. Chamorro-Premuzic, B. Klinger, & T. Karcisky (Eds.), The Wiley handbook of entrepreneurship (pp. 1–23). Hoboken: Wiley.
DeJaeghere, J., & Baxter, A. (2014). Entrepreneurship education for youth in sub-Saharan Africa: A capabilities approach as an alternative framework to neoliberalism’s individualizing risks. Progress in Development Studies, 14(1), 61–76.
Dvouletý, O. (2017). Determinants of nordic entrepreneurship. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 24(1), 12–33.
Dvouletý, O. (2018a). How to analyse determinants of entrepreneurship and self-employment at the country level? A methodological contribution. Journal of Business Venturing Insights, 9(2), 92–99.
Dvouletý, O. (2018b). Determinants of self-employment with and without employees: Empirical findings from Europe. International Review of Entrepreneurship, 16(3), 405–426.
Dvouletý, O., & Blažková, I. (2018). Entrepreneurship and corruption: Do corruption perceptions influence regional entrepreneurial activity? The 12th International Days of Statistics and Economics, pp. 433–440.
Dvouletý, O., Gordievskaya, A., & Procházka, D. A. (2018). Investigating the relationship between entrepreneurship and regional development: Case of developing countries. Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, 8(1), 16.
Dzisi, S., Odoom, F. D., & Gligah, B. (2018). Entrepreneurship training and skills development in Africa: Evidence from Koforidua Technical University, Ghana. International Journal of Economics and Business Research, 15(4), 509–523.
Edoho, F. M. (2015). Entrepreneurialism: Africa in transition. African Journal of Economic and Management Studies, 6(2), 127–147.
Efobi, U., & Orkoh, E. (2018). Analysis of the impacts of entrepreneurship training on growth performance of firms: Quasi-experimental evidence from Nigeria. Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, 10(3), 524–542.
Egbert, H. (2009). Business success through social networks? A comment on social networks and business success. American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 68(3), 665–677.
Engelmann, R. (1994). Entrepreneurship and Africa. In African development and public policy (pp. 67–85). London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Frese, M., & de Kruif, M. (2000). Psychological success factors of entrepreneurship in Africa: A selective literature review. In Success and failure of microbusiness owners in Africa (pp. 31–53). Westport, CT: Quorum Books.
Freytag, A., & Thurik, R. (2007). Entrepreneurship and its determinants in a cross-country setting. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 17(2), 117–131.
Fritsch, M. (2015). Methods of analyzing the relationship between new business formation and regional development. In C. Karlsson, M. Andersson, & T. Norman (Eds.), Handbook of research methods and applications in economic geography (pp. 303–320). Cheltenham: Elgar.
George, G., Corbishley, C., Khayesi, J. N., Haas, M. R., & Tihanyi, L. (2016a). Bringing Africa in: Promising directions for management research. The Academy of Management Journal, 59(2), 377–393.
George, G., Kotha, R., Parikh, P., Alnuaimi, T., & Bahaj, A. S. (2016b). Social structure, reasonable gain, and entrepreneurship in Africa. Strategic Management Journal, 37(6), 1118–1131.
Global Entrepreneurship Monitor. (2018). Entrepreneurial attitudes and behavior data. Retrieved October 26, 2018, from https://www.gemconsortium.org/data
Harsch, E. (1993). Accumulators and democrats: Challenging state corruption in Africa. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 31(1), 31–48.
Heritage Foundation. (2018). Economic freedom index. Retrieved October 26, 2018, from https://www.heritage.org/
Hope Sr., K. R. (2016). African political economy: Contemporary issues in development. London: Routledge.
Jones, P., Maas, G., Dobson, S., Newbery, R., Agyapong, D., & Matlay, H. (2018a). Entrepreneurship in Africa, part 1: Entrepreneurial dynamics in Africa. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 25(3), 346–348.
Jones, P., Maas, G., Dobson, S., Newbery, R., Agyapong, D., & Matlay, H. (2018b). Entrepreneurship in Africa, part 2: Entrepreneurial education and eco-systems. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 25(4), 550–553.
Jones, P., Maas, G., Dobson, S., Newbery, R., Agyapong, D., & Matlay, H. (2018c). Entrepreneurship in Africa, part 3: Conclusions on African entrepreneurship. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 25(5), 706–709.
Khayesi, J. N., Sserwanga, A., & Kiconco, R. (2017). Culture as a facilitator and a barrier to entrepreneurship development in Uganda. Entrepreneurship in Africa, 15, 307.
Kiggundu, M. N. (2002). Entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship in Africa: What is known and what needs to be done. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 7(3), 239.
Kojo Oseifuah, E. (2010). Financial literacy and youth entrepreneurship in South Africa. African Journal of Economic and Management Studies, 1(2), 164–182.
Kshetri, N. (2011). Institutional and economic foundations of entrepreneurship in Africa: An overview. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 16(01), 9–35.
Kuada, J. (2010). Culture and leadership in Africa: A conceptual model and research agenda. African Journal of Economic and Management Studies, 1(1), 9–24.
Kuada, J. (2015). Entrepreneurship in Africa—A classificatory framework and a research agenda. African Journal of Economic and Management Studies, 6(2), 148–163.
Langevang, T., & Gough, K. V. (2012). Diverging pathways: Young female employment and entrepreneurship in sub-Saharan Africa. The Geographical Journal, 178(3), 242–252.
Lashitew, A. A., & van Tulder, R. (2017). Inclusive business in Africa: Priorities, strategies and challenges. Entrepreneurship in Africa, 15, 71.
Mahajan, V. (2011). Africa rising: How 900 million African consumers offer more than you think. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Mbaku, J. M. (1996). Bureaucratic corruption in Africa: The futility of cleanups. Cato Journal, 16, 99.
Meagher, K. (2005). Social capital or analytical liability? Social networks and African informal economies. Global Networks, 5(3), 217–238.
Mohamadi, A., Peltonen, J., & Wincent, J. (2017). Government efficiency and corruption: A country-level study with implications for entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing Insights, 8, 50–55.
Munemo, J. (2012). Entrepreneurship in developing countries: Is Africa different? Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 17(01), 1250004.
Nafukho, F. M., & Helen Muyia, M. A. (2010). Entrepreneurship and socioeconomic development in Africa: A reality or myth? Journal of European Industrial Training, 34(2), 96–109.
Ngunjiri, I. (2010). Corruption and entrepreneurship in Kenya. Journal of Language, Technology & Entrepreneurship in Africa, 2(1), 93–106.
Nikolaev, B. N., Boudreaux, C. J., & Palich, L. (2018). Cross-country determinants of early-stage necessity and opportunity-motivated entrepreneurship: Accounting for model uncertainty. Journal of Small Business Management, 56, 243–280.
North, D. C. (1990). Institutions, institutional change and economic performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ratten, V., & Jones, P. (2018). Bringing Africa into entrepreneurship research. In African Entrepreneurship (pp. 9–27). Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.
Rey, S. (2018). How Africa wins through design-centered and learned entrepreneurship. Retrieved December 5, 2018, from https://www.iol.co.za/business-report/opinion/how-africa-wins-through-design-centered-and-learned-entrepreneurship-18364475
Robson, P. J., Haugh, H. M., & Obeng, B. A. (2009). Entrepreneurship and innovation in Ghana: Enterprising Africa. Small Business Economics, 32(3), 331–350.
Roman, A., Bilan, I., & Ciumaș, C. (2018). What drives the creation of new businesses? A panel-data analysis for EU countries. Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, 54(3), 508–536.
Röschenthaler, U., & Schulz, D. (Eds.). (2015). Cultural entrepreneurship in Africa. London: Routledge
Sriram, V., & Mersha, T. (2010). Stimulating entrepreneurship in Africa. World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, 6(4), 257–272.
Stenholm, P., Acs, Z. J., & Wuebker, R. (2013). Exploring country-level institutional arrangements on the rate and type of entrepreneurial activity. Journal of Business Venturing, 28(1), 176–193.
Transparency International. (2018). Corruption perception index. Retrieved October 26, 2018, from https://www.transparency.org/research/cpi/overview
Tvedten, K., Hansen, M. W., & Jeppesen, S. (2014). Understanding the rise of African business: In search of business perspective on African enterprise development. African Journal of Economic and Management Studies, 5(3), 249–268.
United Nations. (2018). United Nations conference on trade and development: Classification of countries. Retrieved October 26, 2018, from http://unctadstat.unctad.org/EN/Classifications.html
Urbano, D., Aparicio, S., & Audretsch, D. (2018). Twenty-five years of research on institutions, entrepreneurship, and economic growth: What has been learned? Small Business Economics, 1–29. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-018-0038-0
Vaillant, Y., & Lafuente, E. (2007). Do different institutional frameworks condition the influence of local fear of failure and entrepreneurial examples over entrepreneurial activity? Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 19(4), 313–337.
Wooldridge, J. M. (2010). Econometric analysis of cross section and panel data. Cambridge: MIT Press.
World Bank Database. (2018). Statistical database. Retrieved October 26, 2018, from https://data.worldbank.org
Zahra, S. A., Rawhouser, H. N., Bhawe, N., Neubaum, D. O., & Hayton, J. C. (2008). Globalization of social entrepreneurship opportunities. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 2(2), 117–131.