Decision Trees in Periodontal Surgery: Resective Versus Regenerative Periodontal Surgery



Traditionally, periodontal surgical procedures such as osseous resective surgery and open flap debridement have been used as a treatment modality in order to control the progression of periodontal disease. The advent of new tools such as microscopes, cone beam computed tomography, and new surgical techniques has fundamentally changed treatment philosophy and rationale from one of resective toward a regenerative approach. This chapter will focus on recent scientific literature, exploring and discussing the newest tools, techniques, and materials which has changed the way we treat periodontal disease today. Due to the sensitivity in case selection for utilization of these techniques, a decision tree for periodontal resective and regenerative therapy has been suggested based on recent literature.


Periodontal surgery Regeneration Guided tissue regeneration Minimally invasive surgery Magnification Biomaterials 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PeriodonticsCollege of Dentistry, University of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA

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