Performance Assessment of AODV, DSR and DSDV in an Urban VANET Scenario

Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 915)


The wireless system of communication has recently known a considerable evolution, which has led to the appearance of a new type of networks called Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANET). This innovative approach is crucial for enhancing the quality of the driving experience as a whole: the safety of the drivers, traffic management and the entertainment of the passengers. Thus, the selection of an appropriate routing protocol is necessary to support high mobility, rapid changing topology and capacity of mobility prediction. In this paper, we evaluate the performance of a set of well-known routing protocols used in VANET, namely AODV, DSR and DSDV in terms of Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR), Throughput, and Normalized Routing Load (NRL), in order to find out the suitable routing protocol for high density traffic area such as Casablanca. In this paper, the real map of Casablanca is edited by Open Street Map (OSM), and the “Simulation of Urban Mobility” (SUMO) tool is used to create the mobility model, while the traffic model generation and the simulations are carried out using Network Simulator 2 (NS2).




  1. 1.
    Benamar, M., Ahnana, S., Saiyari, F.Z., Benamar, N., El Ouadghiri, M.D., Bonnin, J.-M.: Study of VDTN routing protocols performances in sparse and dense traffic in the presence of relay nodes. J. Mob. Multimed. 10(1–2) (2014)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Benamar, N., Singh, K.D., Benamar, M., El Ouadghiri, D., Bonnin, J.M.: Routing protocols in vehicular delay tolerant networks: a comprehensive survey. Comput. Commun. 48, 141–158 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cunha, F., et al.: Data communication in VANETs: protocols, applications and challenges. Ad Hoc Netw. 44, 90–103 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ul-Amin, R., Nasim, F.: Performance evaluation of AODV, DSDV and DSR routing protocols in unplanned areasGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Abdelgadir, M., Saeed, R.A., Babiker, A.: Mobility routing model for vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANETs), smart city scenarios. Veh. Commun. 9, 154–161 (2017)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shaheen, A., Gaamel, A., Bahaj, A.: Comparison and analysis study between AODV and DSR routing protocols in VANET with IEEE 802.11 b. J. Ubiquitous Syst. Pervasive Netw. 7(1), 07–12 (2016)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sharma, Y.M.: Comparative performance exploration of AODV, DSDV & DSR routing protocol in cluster based vanet environment. Int. J. Adv. Eng. Technol. (2012)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Rohal, P., Dahiya, R., Dahiya, P.: Study and analysis of throughput, delay and packet delivery ratio in MANET for topology based routing protocols (AODV, DSR and DSDV). Int. J. Adv. Res. Eng. Technol. 1(2), 54–58 (2013)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Memon, I.R., Shah, W., Kumar, W., Mohammadani, K.H., Memon, S.A.: Performance evaluation of routing protocols in VANET on highway: police cars communication scenario (2017)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sharef, B.T., Alsaqour, R.A., Ismail, M.: Vehicular communication ad hoc routing protocols: a survey. J. Netw. Comput. Appl. 40, 363–396 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rathi, D., Welekar, R.: Performance evaluation of AODV routing protocol in VANET with NS2. Int. J. Interact. Multimed. Artif. Intell. 4(3), 23 (2017)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Samatha, B., Dr. Raja Kumar, K., Karyemsetty, N.: Design and simulation of vehicular adhoc network using SUMO and NS2. Adv. Wireless Mob. Commun. 10(5), 1207–1219 (2017). ISSN 0973-6972Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    OpenStreetMap.: OpenStreetMap. [Online]. Available: Accessed: 04 Mar 2018
  14. 14.
    Mahajan, A., Potnis, N., Gopalan, K., Wang, A.: Evaluation of mobility models for vehicular ad-hoc network simulations. In: IEEE International Workshop on Next Generation Wireless Networks (WoNGeN) (2006)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Simulation of Urban Mobility (Sumo) For Evaluating Qos Parameters For…. [Online]. Available: Accessed 04 Mar 2018
  16. 16.
    Kolici, V., Oda, T.: Performance evaluation of a VANET simulation system using NS-3 and SUMO. In: IEEE (2015)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sataraddi, M.J., Kakkasageri, M.S.: Intelligent routing for hybrid communication in VANETs. IEEE 7th International Advance Computing Conference (IACC) (2017)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sharma, R., Dr. Malhotra, J.: Performance evaluation of ADV DSR and god in VANET for city and highway scenario. Int. J. Adv. Sci. Technol. (2015)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Lei, D., Wang, T., Li, J.: Performance analysis and comparison of routing protocols in mobile ad hoc network. In: 2015 Fifth International Conference on Instrumentation and Measurement, Computer, Communication and Control (IMCCC), Qinhuangdao, pp. 1533–1536 (2015)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.TIM Research Team, EST of MeknesMoulay Ismail UniversityMeknesMorocco

Personalised recommendations