Legislative Oversight in the Nigerian Fourth Republic
The necessity to curb the despotic tendencies of human nature and ensure good governance is the core of doctrine of Separation of Powers. Indeed, a major ingredient of democracy is the institutional compartmentalisation of governmental powers in such a way as to ensure that the same group of people or institution is not saddled with the responsibilities of law-making, law execution and law interpretation. This implies that there should be three separate organs/arms of government with their separate sets of functions and powers in a democratic system. Thus, the need to limit the powers of each of the various organs of government is at the centre of constitutional democracy using the instrumentality of compartmentalization of governmental powers (Omotoso and Oladeji 2015). To be sure, government performs its role of effective governance by dividing its powers and functions between distinct institutions and personnel, with each performing some specific but interrelated and sometimes overlapping functions (Edosa and Azelama 1995, italics added).
- Aguda, O. (2012). “National Assembly’s Oversight Functions and Fair Hearing”, The Nation Newspaper, March 21, p.2 (http://www.thenationonlineng.net/2011/index/php/politics/48492-national-assembly.html (Accessed 21/05/2016).
- Aiyede, R. (2005): “Executive-Legislature Relations in Nigeria,s Emerging Presidential Democracy.” UNILAG Journal of Politics. Vol. 2. No. 1, 65-87.Google Scholar
- Akintola, J. (1999). Law Practice and Procedure of Legislature. Ibadan: Spectrum Publishing.Google Scholar
- Akomolede, I. T. and Bosede, A. O. (2012). “Legislation as a Tool for Good Governance in Nigeria: Legal Matters Arising”, European Journal of Business and Social Sciences, Vol.1, No.6, pp. 61-68.Google Scholar
- Atanda, J. A. (1973) The New Oyo Empire, Briston: Western Printing Services.Google Scholar
- Basiru, S.A. (2014) “The Politics of Legislative Oversight in Nigeria’s Neo-Colony, 1999-2007, in E.O. Ojo and J.S. Omotola (eds.), The Legislature and Governance in Nigeria: A Festschrift for Emeritus Professor John A.A. Ayoade, Vol. 1, Ibadan: John Archers (Publisher) Limited.Google Scholar
- Bello-Imam I. B. (2005). The War against Corruption in Nigeria: Problems and Prospects, Ibadan: College Press & Publishers.Google Scholar
- Boynton, G.R. (2003). Legislatures, in Routledge Encyclopedia of Government and Politics.Google Scholar
- Edosa, E and Azelama, J. (1995). Institutions of Government. In Ikelegbe, A. O. (eds.) Politics and Government: An Introductory and Comparative Perspective. Benin City: Uri Publishing Ltd. pp: 35-55.Google Scholar
- Egwu, S. (2005): “The Legislature in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic.” In Gana, A. T. and Yakubu, B. (eds.) Democratic Rebirth in Nigeria: 1999-2003. New Jersey: Multimedia.Google Scholar
- Ewuim N.C, Nnamani, D.O & Eberinwa, O.M. (2014). “Legislative Oversight and Good Governance in Nigeria National Assembly: An Analysis of Obasanjo And Jonathan’s Administration”, Review of Public Administration and Management, Vol. 3, No. 6, pp. 140-153.Google Scholar
- Fashagba, J. Y (2013). The Nigerian Legislature and Socio-political Reengineering in the Fourth Republic, Redeemer’s University Omu- Aran, Kwara State. Nigeria.Google Scholar
- Fashagba, J. Y. (2009). “Legislative Oversight under the Nigerian Presidential System”, Journal of Legislative Studies. Vol.15 (4), pp. 439-539.Google Scholar
- Federal Republic of Nigeria (1979). Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Lagos: Federal Government Press.Google Scholar
- Federal Republic of Nigeria (1999). Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Lagos: Federal Government Press.Google Scholar
- Kadir, A.A. (n.d.). “Legislative Oversight Failure, Catalyst for Corruption”, (http://www.gamji.com/article8000/NEWS8636.htm) (Accessed 21/05/2016).
- Loewenberg, G. (1995). “Legislatures and Parliaments” in Encyclopaedia of Democracy, U.S.A.: Congressional Chatterly International.Google Scholar
- Nkwede, J.O., Ibeogu, A.S. and Nwankwo, O.U. (2014). Political Godfatherism and Governance in a Developing Democracy: Insight from Nigeria, Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, Vol. 3(4), pp. 137-143Google Scholar
- Nwagwu, E. J (2014). “Legislative Oversight in Nigeria: a Watchdog or a Hunting Dog?”, Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization, Vol.22, pp. 16-24.Google Scholar
- Omotoso, F. and Oladeji, I. (2015). Executive-Legislative Relations: Towards Democratic Consolidation in Nigeria (1999-2013). In Funso Adesola, Iwebunor Okwechine, Ronke Ako-Nai and Akin Iwilade (eds.), State, Governance and Security in Africa: A Festschrift in Honour of Professor Bamitale Idowu Omole (pp. 70-86). Tallahassee, Florida, USA: SokheChapke Publishing Inc.Google Scholar
- Omotoso, F. and Oladeji, O. (Forthcoming). Crises in African States: Federalism to the Rescue.Google Scholar
- Onyekpere, E. (2012). “Opinion: Legislative Oversight and the Budget”, (http:omojuwa.com/2012/11/opinion-legislative-oversight-and-the-budget) (Accessed 21/05/16).
- Oyediran, O. (2003). “Introduction to Political Science”, Ibadan: Oyediran Consults International.Google Scholar
- Poteete, A. (2010). Renegotiation of Executive Powers and Executive-Legislative Relations in Botswana. Montreal: Concordia University Press.Google Scholar
- Saffell, D. C. (1989). Essentials of American government: Change and Continuity. Pacific Grove, CA, Brooks/Cole.Google Scholar
- Usman, M.M. (2015). Assessment of the Role of National Assembly Oversight Functions on Corruption in the Nigerian Federal Public Service (2007 – 2013), Unpublished MS.c Dissertation submitted to Department of Public Administration, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.Google Scholar
- Verney, D. V. (1969). “Structure of Government”. In J. Blondel (ed.), Comparative Government: A reader. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Yaqub, N. (2004). “The Military, Democratic Transitions and the 1999 Elections”, in Olurode and Anifowoshe R. (eds.) Issues in Nigeria’s 1999 General Elections. Lagos: John West Publications Ltd and Reboniks Publications Ltd.Google Scholar