Advertisement

Basics of Terrestrial Laser Scanning

  • Fabio CrosillaEmail author
  • Alberto Beinat
  • Andrea Fusiello
  • Eleonora Maset
  • Domenico Visintini
Chapter
  • 290 Downloads
Part of the CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences book series (CISM, volume 590)

Abstract

This chapter introduces the basic concepts of the automatic 3D surveying by means of laser scanning techniques, a methodology developed less than 20 years ago (see, e.g., Boehler et al. 2002) thanks to the technological improvement of the topographical instrumentations, in particular in the movement and in the electronical components. The main topic here explained concerns the geometrical measurement principle of a 3D scene by means of different automatic scans, so performing different 3D point clouds, and the analytical steps to refer such scans to the one chosen coordinate system. Laser scanning technology described in this chapter considers terrestrial static systems, anyway in the last part, some hints are reported about scans acquired by moving systems, as those mounted on aerial vehicles or on portable devices.

References

  1. ASPRS. 1995 mobile mapping symposium, in Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Mobile Mapping Technology, Columbus, OH, USA (May 1995)Google Scholar
  2. C. Balletti, F. Guerra, The survey of cultural heritage: a long story. Rend. Lincei 26(1), 115–125 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. E.P. Baltsavias, Airborne laser scanning: basic relations and formulas. ISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens. 54(2), 199–214 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. A. Beinat, F. Crosilla, D. Visintini, F. Sepic, Automatic non parametric procedures for terrestrial laser point clouds processing. Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spat. Inf. Sci. 36(3), W49B (2007)Google Scholar
  5. P. Besl, N. McKay, A method for registration of 3-D shapes. IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 14(2), 239–256 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. W. Boehler, G. Heinz, A. Marbs, The potential of non-contact close range laser scanners for cultural heritage recording. Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spat. Inf. Sci. 34(5/C7), 430–436 (2002)Google Scholar
  7. Y. Chen, G. Medioni, Object modeling by registration of multiple range images. Image Vis. Comput. 10(3), 145–155 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. S. Gonizzi Barsanti, F. Remondino, D. Visintini, 3d surveying and modelling of archaeological sites—some critical issues. ISPRS Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spat. Inf. Sci. 2(5/W1):145–150 (2013)Google Scholar
  9. R.I. Hartley, A. Zisserman, Multiple View Geometry in Computer Vision, 2nd edn. (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2003)Google Scholar
  10. V.V. Lehtola, H. Kaartinen, A. Nüchter, R. Kaijaluoto, A. Kukko, P. Litkey, E. Honkavaara, T. Rosnell, M.T. Vaaja, J.-P. Virtanen, M. Kurkelaand, A. El-Issaoui, L. Zhu, A. Jaakkola, J. Hyyppa, Comparison of the selected state-of-the-art 3d indoor scanning and point cloud generation methods. Remote Sens. 9(8), 796 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. E. Nocerino, F. Menna, F. Remondino, I. Toschi, P. Rodríguez-Gonzálvez, Investigation of indoor and outdoor performance of two portable mobile mapping systems, in Videometrics, Range Imaging, and Applications XIV, vol. 1033 (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2017), p. 103320IGoogle Scholar
  12. A. Nüchter, K. Lingemann, J. Hertzberg, H. Surmann, 6d slam—3d mapping outdoor environments. J. Field Robot. 24(8–9), 699–722 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. N. Pfeifer, C. Briese, Laser scanning–principles and applications, in GeoSiberia 2007—International Exhibition and Scientific Congress (Citeseer, 2007)Google Scholar
  14. S. Schuhmacher, J. Böhm, Georeferencing of terrestrial laserscanner data for applications in architectural modeling, in International Archives of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, Proceedings of the ISPRS Working Group V/4 Workshop 3D-ARCH 2005, vol. 36 (2005)Google Scholar
  15. K.P. Schwarz, N. El-Sheimy, Kinematic multi-sensor systems for close range digital imaging. Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spat. Inf. Sci. 31, 774–785 (1996)Google Scholar
  16. C. Thomson, G. Apostolopoulos, D. Backes, J. Boehm, Mobile laser scanning for indoor modelling. ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spat. Inf. Sci. 2(5/W2), 289–293 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. G. Tucci, V. Bonora, Geomatics and management of at-risk cultural heritage. Rend. Lincei 26(1), 105–114 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. G. Tucci, D. Visintini, V. Bonora, E.I. Parisi, Examination of indoor mobile mapping systems in a diversified internal/external test field. Appl. Sci. 8(3), 401–430 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. G. Vosselman, H.-G. Maas, Airborne and Terrestrial Laser Scanning (Whittles Publishing, 2010)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabio Crosilla
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alberto Beinat
    • 1
  • Andrea Fusiello
    • 2
  • Eleonora Maset
    • 1
  • Domenico Visintini
    • 1
  1. 1.University of UdineUdineItaly
  2. 2.University of UdineUdineItaly

Personalised recommendations