A Classification Framework for IoT Scenarios

  • Sankalita MandalEmail author
  • Marcin Hewelt
  • Maarten Oestreich
  • Mathias Weske
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing book series (LNBIP, volume 342)


The Internet-of-Things (IoT) is here to stay, as applications increasingly make use of IoT devices to deliver value to customers and organizations. Smart home, predictive maintenance, asset tracking are just a few examples of business scenarios that employ the IoT. As concepts from the domain of Business Process Management (BPM) are used to realize IoT scenarios, the need arises to classify which scenarios can profit from BPM concepts. In this contribution, we present a range of IoT scenarios and discuss the dimensions to classify them. Further, we suggest the BPM concepts that might be advantageous to use for realizing IoT scenarios.


Internet of Things Business Process Management 


  1. 1.
    Janiesch, C., Matzner, M., Müller, O.: Beyond process monitoring: a proof-of-concept of event-driven business activity management. Bus. Process Manage. J. 18(4), 625–643 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Janiesch, C., et al.: The internet-of-things meets business process management: mutual benefits and challenges. CoRR abs/1709.03628 (2017)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Baumgraß, A., et al.: Towards a methodology for the engineering of event-driven process applications. In: Reichert, M., Reijers, H.A. (eds.) BPM 2015. LNBIP, vol. 256, pp. 501–514. Springer, Cham (2016). Scholar
  4. 4.
    Soffer, P., et al.: From event streams to process models and back: challenges and opportunities. Inf. Syst. (2017)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Weske, M.: Business Process Management - Concepts, Languages, Architectures, 2nd edn. Springer, Heidelberg (2012). Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hewelt, M., Weske, M.: A hybrid approach for flexible case modeling and execution. In: La Rosa, M., Loos, P., Pastor, O. (eds.) BPM 2016. LNBIP, vol. 260, pp. 38–54. Springer, Cham (2016). Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ashton, K.: That ‘internet of things’ thing. RFID J. 22, 97–114 (2009)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Batiz-Lazo, B.: A brief history of the ATM, March 2015Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Marr, B.: 17 “internet of things” facts everyone should read, October 2015Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chapman, L.: Happy 40th birthday to the modern day cash machine, December 2012Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Stackpole, B.: IoT-enabled product as a service could transform manufacturing (2015)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mattern, F., Floerkemeier, C.: From Active Data Management to Event-Based Systems and More, pp. 242–259. Springer, Heidelberg (2010). Scholar
  13. 13.
    BMBF: Germany: Industrie 4.0. (2017)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hu, J., Aghakhani, G., Hasić, F., Serral, E.: An evaluation framework for design-time context-adaptation of process modelling languages. In: Poels, G., Gailly, F., Serral Asensio, E., Snoeck, M. (eds.) PoEM 2017. LNBIP, vol. 305, pp. 112–125. Springer, Cham (2017). Scholar
  15. 15.
    Meyer, S., Ruppen, A., Magerkurth, C.: Internet of things-aware process modeling: integrating IoT devices as business process resources. In: Salinesi, C., Norrie, M.C., Pastor, Ó. (eds.) CAiSE 2013. LNCS, vol. 7908, pp. 84–98. Springer, Heidelberg (2013). Scholar
  16. 16.
    OMG: Business process model and notation (BPMN), Version 2.0., January 2011.
  17. 17.
    Etzion, O., Niblett, P.: Event Processing in Action. Manning Publications, Shelter Island (2010)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Mandal, S., Hewelt, M., Weske, M.: A framework for integrating real-world events and business processes in an IoT environment. In: Panetto, H., et al. (eds.) OTM 2017. LNCS, vol. 10573, pp. 194–212. Springer, Heidelberg (2017). Scholar
  19. 19.
    Marin, M.A., Hauder, M., Matthes, F.: Case management: an evaluation of existing approaches for knowledge-intensive processes. In: Reichert, M., Reijers, H.A. (eds.) BPM 2015. LNBIP, vol. 256, pp. 5–16. Springer, Cham (2016). Scholar
  20. 20.
    Marrella, A., Mecella, M.: Adaptive process management in cyber-physical domains. In: Grambow, G., Oberhauser, R., Reichert, M. (eds.) Advances in Intelligent Process-Aware Information Systems. ISRL, vol. 123, pp. 15–48. Springer, Cham (2017). Scholar
  21. 21.
    Guth, J., Breitenbücher, U., Falkenthal, M., Leymann, F., Reinfurt, L.: Comparison of IoT platform architectures: a field study based on a reference architecture. In: 2016 Cloudification of the Internet of Things (CIoT), pp. 1–6. IEEE, November 2016Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wu, M., Lu, T.J., Ling, F.Y., Sun, J., Du, H.Y.: Research on the architecture of Internet of Things. In: 2010 3rd International Conference on Advanced Computer Theory and Engineering (ICACTE), vol. 5, pp. V5-484–V5-487, August 2010Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sankalita Mandal
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marcin Hewelt
    • 1
  • Maarten Oestreich
    • 1
  • Mathias Weske
    • 1
  1. 1.Hasso Plattner InstituteUniversity of PotsdamPotsdamGermany

Personalised recommendations