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Ecotoxicology of Deep Ocean Spills

  • Mace G. BarronEmail author
  • Susan C. Chiasson
  • Adriana C. Bejarano
Chapter

Abstract

Central issues in the ecotoxicology of oil spills in the subsea are the unknown sensitivity of deep ocean species and the complexity and diversity of habitats that may be affected in subsea, offshore, and coastal environments. This chapter reviews and discusses the unique aspects of assessing spill risks and impacts to deep ocean species and approaches for toxicity extrapolation across a diversity of ecological communities and environments. The focus of this chapter is on aquatic species, based primarily on the Gulf of Mexico (GoM) with information and experiences drawn from the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill.

Keywords

Genomic Species extrapolation Toxicity Sensitivity distribution Chemosynthetic Coral reef 

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Copyright information

© This is a U.S. Government work and not under copyright protection in the U.S.; foreign copyright protection may apply 2019 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mace G. Barron
    • 1
    Email author
  • Susan C. Chiasson
    • 2
  • Adriana C. Bejarano
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Environmental Protection Agency, Gulf Ecology DivisionGulf BreezeUSA
  2. 2.Loyola University, Biological SciencesNew OrleansUSA
  3. 3.Research Planning Inc.ColumbiaUSA
  4. 4.Shell Oil Company, Shell Health - AmericasHoustonUSA

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