Optimization and Multicriteria Evaluation of District Heat Production and Storage

  • Risto Lahdelma
  • Genku Kayo
  • Elnaz Abdollahi
  • Pekka SalminenEmail author
Part of the Multiple Criteria Decision Making book series (MCDM)


Climate change mitigation policy requires reducing dependence on fossil fuels and transition to low carbon energy production in district heating (DH). We study here inclusion of two kinds of renewable energy to a CHP based DH system in Finland: solar heat and ground source heat. In addition, we apply heat storages to balance the gap between production and fluctuating demand. The optimal operation of the extended systems is determined by a simulation and optimization model to minimize the operating costs. We evaluate the different possible extensions in terms of multiple economic, technical and environmental criteria using Stochastic Multicriteria Acceptability Analysis (SMAA). The results show that under Finnish conditions, ground source heat is more favourable than solar heat for DH.


Carbon-neutral District heating Heat-only production Multicriteria decision analysis SMAA 



This research has been funded, in part, by the Academy of Finland, project 298317.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Risto Lahdelma
    • 1
    • 2
  • Genku Kayo
    • 1
    • 3
  • Elnaz Abdollahi
    • 1
  • Pekka Salminen
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringAalto University School of EngineeringAaltoFinland
  2. 2.Department of Mathematics and Systems AnalysisAalto University School of ScienceAaltoFinland
  3. 3.School of Architecture and the Built EnvironmentKTH Royal Institute of TechnologyStockholmSweden
  4. 4.School of Business and EconomicsUniversity of JyväskyläJyväskyläFinland

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