An Explorer’s Guide to Evidence-Based Practice

  • Rosalyn BertramEmail author
  • Suzanne Kerns


For a program or practice to establish a sound evidence base, it must proceed through a series of studies to determine its effectiveness. Similar to the story in the previous chapter, the initial trial usually occurs in ideal conditions, then progresses to studies in more so-called real-world settings. This can create a tension between internal and external validity. As programs are implemented in community-based settings, program developers should create written guidelines (manual) and fidelity measurements to help ensure it is implemented as intended. In this chapter, we review the most developed evidence-based approaches for common behavioral health concerns, including anxiety, traumatic stress, depression, and child behavior problems. We conclude with a discussion of the common elements movement and how different programs can be embedded within a system of evidence-based services to support a range of community needs.


Common elements Efficacy trial Effectiveness trial Treatment fidelity Validity 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Professor, School of Social WorkUniversity of Missouri–Kansas CityKansas CityUSA
  2. 2.Research Associate Professor, Graduate School of Social WorkUniversity of DenverDenverUSA

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