Functional Vestibular Disorders

  • Pedro Luiz Mangabeira Albernaz
  • Francisco Zuma e Maia
  • Sergio Carmona
  • Renato Valério Rodrigues Cal
  • Guillermo Zalazar


This chapter discusses vestibular symptoms in persons with normal labyrinths. They may be caused by alcohol, several types of medications and toxic substances, as well as metabolic and endocrinal disorders.


Arterial hypertension Alcohol intoxication Toxics Metabolic disorders Medications 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pedro Luiz Mangabeira Albernaz
    • 1
  • Francisco Zuma e Maia
    • 2
  • Sergio Carmona
    • 3
  • Renato Valério Rodrigues Cal
    • 4
  • Guillermo Zalazar
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of OtolaryngologyAlbert Einstein Hospital São PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Otology / NeurotologyClínica MaiaCanoasBrazil
  3. 3.NeurotologyFundación San Lucas para la NeurocienciaRosárioArgentina
  4. 4.Curso de MedicinaCentro Universitário do ParáBelémBrazil
  5. 5.Department of Neurology in Hospital de San LuisFundación San Lucas para la NeurocienciaRosarioArgentina

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