Understanding the Rationale for FD Interventions

  • Scott WalkerEmail author


The final chapter focuses on the future of the FD strategy. The first part suggests that America will continue to intervene in the future in cases where it both possesses the physical capability (opportunity) and has the requisite desire (willingness) to force regime change in an autocratic state. The second part discusses whether normative or instrumental factors (or a mixture of both) are the primary drivers of the desire for America to engage in the FD strategy. The third part discusses the most prominent alternative options to the FD strategy that America can pursue to bring about regime change in an illiberal state, and concludes that the weakness of each of these strategies may make the FD option an attractive one in the future. Part four discusses the conditions under we might expect FD interventions to occur in the future. Finally, part five concludes that we cannot write off the possibility of future FD interventions, particularly during times when political conditions may make them more attractive.


Democracy Intervention USA Sanctions Foreign aid Democracy assistance 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.United Arab Emirates UniversityAl Ain, Abu DhabiUnited Arab Emirates

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