• Scott WalkerEmail author


The chapter focuses on the 2001 Invasion of Afghanistan by the USA and its allies. The first part of the chapter outlines the developments that led to the intervention and details the American actions to dislodge the Taliban from power and install a new government. The second part assesses whether the intervention was actually focused on delivering a democratic outcome. It first focuses on American motives for the intervention, with an eye on identifying the role that the desire for democracy played in this action. It subsequently examines American post-intervention actions in order to identify the degree to which they were actually focused on bringing about democratization.


Afghanistan Intervention Taliban Bush Democracy USA 


  1. BBC. 2008. “Afghanistan’s Turbulent History.” November 21.
  2. Brown, Seyom. 2015. Faces of Power: Constancy and Change in United States Foreign Policy from Truman to Obama. New York: Colombia University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Bush, George W. 2001. “Presidential Address to the Nation.” October 7.Google Scholar
  4. Cooper, Helene, and Thom Shanker. 2012. “U.S. Redefines Afghan Success Before Conference.” New York Times, May 17.
  5. Dobbins, James, John G. McGinn, Keith Crane, Seth G. Jones, Rollie Lal, Andrew Rathmell, Rachel Swanger, and Anga Timilsina. 2003. America’s Role in Nation Building: From Germany to Iraq. Washington, DC: RAND. Google Scholar
  6. Freedom House. 2018. Freedom in the World 2018.
  7. Fukuyama, Francis, and Michael McFaul. 2008. “Should Democracy Be Promoted or Demoted?” The Washington Quarterly 31 (1) (Winter): 23–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gaddis, John Lewis. 2005. “Grand Strategy in the Second Term.” Foreign Affairs 84 (2): 2–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Grimm, Sonja. 2010. “Don’t Do It Again. Recalibrating the Agenda of Democracy Promotion After Failed Democracy Imposition in Afghanistan and Iraq.” International Studies Association Annual Conference, New Orleans.Google Scholar
  10. Hill, Matthew Alan. 2010. “Exploring USAID’s Democracy Promotion in Bosnia and Afghanistan: A ‘Cookie-Cutter Approach’?” Democratization 1: 98–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Jones, Seth. 2009. In the Graveyard of Empires. New York: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
  12. Jones, Toby Craig. 2012. “America, Oil, and War in the Middle East.” Journal of American History 99 (June): 208–18. Scholar
  13. Mearsheimer, John J. 2011. “Imperial by Design.” The National Interest 111 (January/February): 16–34.Google Scholar
  14. New York Times. 2002. “Afghanistan’s Marshall Plan.” April 19.
  15. Niland, Norah. 2014. “Democratic Aspirations and Destabilizing Outcomes in Afghanistan.” Providence, Rhode Island.Google Scholar
  16. O’Connor, Tom. 2017. “US Wars in the Middle East Were Not Supposed to Bring Democracy, Condoleezza Rice Says.” Newsweek, May.Google Scholar
  17. Ponzio, Richard J. 2011. Democratic Authority and Rule of Law Formation in Afghanistan During and After the Bonn Agreement Period. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Reynolds, Maura. 2007. “Interview with Joseph Nye.” Baltimore Sun, November 1.
  19. Rubin, Barnett R. 2013. Afghanistan in the Post-Cold War Era. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Santos, Maria Helena de Castro, and Ulyses Tavares Teixeira. 2013. “The Essential Role of Democracy in the Bush Doctrine: The Invasions of Iraq and Afghanistan.” Revista Brasileira de Poitica Internacional 56 (2): 131–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sherman, Jake. 2008. “Afghanistan: Nationally Led Statebuilding.” In Building States to Build Peace, edited by Charles C. Call, 303–34. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
  22. Stewart, Richard W. 2002. The United States Army in Afghanistan: Operation Enduring Freedom. Washington, DC: Operation Enduring Freedom.
  23. United Nations. 2001. “Agreement on Provisional Arrangements in Afghanistan Pending the Re-Establishment of Permanent Government Institutions.”

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.United Arab Emirates UniversityAl Ain, Abu DhabiUnited Arab Emirates

Personalised recommendations