Finally: Key Insights and Future Research for Better Understanding of Climate Change and Energy Dynamics

  • Aymen A. KayalEmail author
Part of the Understanding Complex Systems book series (UCS)


To better understand the dynamics of energy and climate change in the Middle East, this final chapter synthesizes the knowledge and learning we have gained from going through Chapters 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 of this book. Key insights are presented for both the policymakers and the administrators of energy policy domain. The future research directions that will support both the sustainable development in the Middle East and modeling the dynamics of energy and climate change are also presented.


System dynamics CO2 emissions Renewable energy generation Energy consumption Energy efficiency Levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) Biofuel Geothermal Sustainable development 

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Industrial Management, King Fahd University of Petroleum and MineralsDhahranKingdom of Saudi Arabia

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