Alpine Foreland Basins

  • Antonio BarnolasEmail author
  • Juan C. Larrasoaña
  • Victoriano Pujalte
  • Birger Schmitz
  • Francisco J. Sierro
  • María P. Mata
  • Bastiaan C. J. van den Berg
  • José N. Pérez-Asensio
  • Ángel Salazar
  • Josep M. Salvany
  • Santiago Ledesma
  • Daniel García-Castellanos
  • Jorge Civis
  • Pedro P. Cunha
Part of the Regional Geology Reviews book series (RGR)


This chapter deals with the two Alpine Foreland Basins of the Iberian Peninsula. The first part of the chapter refers to the South Pyrenean Foreland Basin and its westward prolongation, the Basque–Cantabrian Paleogene Basin. It includes: (1) the introductory concepts about the basin extend, margins, sedimentary systems, basin evolution and segmentation, and terminology; (2) the impact of PETM; (3) the stratigraphy and geometry of foreland carbonate margin with special emphasis on the recent advances in its chronology and evolution, (4) the stratigraphy and geometry of the siliciclastic basin fill reflecting the recent advances in chronology and provenance; (5) and finally, discusses on the sedimentary imprints of the orogenic evolution. The second part of this chapter is focused on the Guadalquivir Basin, which developed in the southern Iberian margin at the foreland of the Betic orogenic front during the last stages of foreland basin development. An introduction to the overall geology of the basin is given before an updated view on the chronostratigraphy of its sedimentary infill is outlined. Such an updated framework provides the basis for disentangling the geodynamic processes that are encoded in the sedimentary record of the basin.



AB contribution was supported by Spanish MINECO grant CGL2014-54180-P; VP was funded by MINECO and FEDER grant CGL2015-65404-R. The Guadalquivir Basin study received funding from the MEDGATE (PF7/2007-2013/under REA Grant Agreement No. 290201) and GUADALTYC (MINECO, CGL2012-30875) projects. JNPA has been funded by a Postdoctoral fellowship Beatriu de Pinós funded by the AGAUR from the Generalitat de Catalunya and the European Union through the Marie Curie-COFUND actions. The Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (Project CGL2013-47236-P), the Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER) and the RNM. 190 (Consejería de Educación y Conocimiento, Junta de Andalucía) also funded this research. We are grateful to David Nesbitt for correcting the English text.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Barnolas
    • 1
    Email author
  • Juan C. Larrasoaña
    • 2
  • Victoriano Pujalte
    • 3
  • Birger Schmitz
    • 4
  • Francisco J. Sierro
    • 6
  • María P. Mata
    • 7
  • Bastiaan C. J. van den Berg
    • 6
  • José N. Pérez-Asensio
    • 8
  • Ángel Salazar
    • 7
  • Josep M. Salvany
    • 9
  • Santiago Ledesma
    • 10
  • Daniel García-Castellanos
    • 5
  • Jorge Civis
    • 1
  • Pedro P. Cunha
    • 11
  1. 1.Instituto Geológico y Minero de EspañaMadridSpain
  2. 2.Instituto Geológico y Minero de España, Unidad de ZaragozaZaragozaSpain
  3. 3.Department of Stratigraphy and Paleontology, Faculty of Science and TechnologyUniversity of the Basque Country UPV/EHUBilbaoSpain
  4. 4.Division of Nuclear Physics, Department of PhysicsUniversity of LundLundSweden
  5. 5.Institute of Earth Sciences Jaume Almera, CSICBarcelonaSpain
  6. 6.Department of GeologyUniversity of SalamancaSalamancaSpain
  7. 7.Instituto Geológico y Minero de EspañaMadridSpain
  8. 8.GRC Geociències Marines, Departament de Dinàmica de la Terra i de l’OceàUniversitat de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  9. 9.Departament d’Enginyeria Civil i AmbientalUniversitat Politècnica de CatalunyaBarcelonaSpain
  10. 10.Gas Natural FenosaMadridSpain
  11. 11.MARE—Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal

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