Interface Between Occult Spinal Dysraphisms and Myelomeningoceles

  • Irene Kim
  • W. Jerry OakesEmail author


“Spina bifida” presents as a variety of congenital defects from simple bony malfusion to open neural tube defects. The presentations and surgical management of these defects are very different, but both seek to detether the spinal cord. Although the embryology behind the occult and open forms of spinal dysraphism is very different, clinical management can be somewhat similar. Herein, we discuss the intersection between these pathological entities.


Congenital Neural tube defects Spina bifida occulta Open neural tube defect 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryMedical College of Wisconsin/Children’s Hospital of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA
  2. 2.Division of NeurosurgeryChildren’s of AlabamaBirminghamUSA

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