Adult Eye Examination Techniques

  • Quan V. HoangEmail author


The adult eye examination is unique in medicine in that most of the pathology is directly, objectively visible to the examiner. The adult eye examination includes an analysis of the physiologic function and anatomic status of the eye, visual system, and related structures. Through the use of specialized instruments, the adult eye examination is performed in a systematic manner.


Adult eye examination Eye exam techniques Visual acuity measurement Refractive error assessment Visual field testing Intraocular pressure measurement Posterior eye segment examination 

Suggested Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Singapore National Eye Centre/Duke-NUS Medical SchoolSingapore Eye Research InstituteSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Columbia University MedicalNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Department of OphthalmologyEdward S. Harkness Eye Institute, Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and SurgeonsNew YorkUSA

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