Medical Treatment of Glaucoma

  • Gene Kim
  • Dana BlumbergEmail author


Glaucoma is a group of diseases that exhibit a characteristic optic neuropathy which, untreated, initially causes loss of peripheral and ultimately central vision. It is a leading cause of blindness worldwide and is estimated to affect over three million people in the United States. Although vision loss due to glaucoma is irreversible, blindness can typically be prevented when it is detected and treated in its earlier stages. A number of different medication classes are currently in use to treat glaucoma, including prostaglandin analogues, B-adrenergic antagonists, adrenergic agonists, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, parasympathomimetics, and hyperosmotic agents. In general, these medications reduce IOP either by reducing aqueous humor secretion from the ciliary body or by increasing aqueous outflow from the eye.


Hyperosmotic agents in glaucoma treatment Elevated intraocular pressure Glaucoma medical treatment Prostaglandin analogues in glaucoma β-antagonists in glaucoma treatment Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors in glaucoma Parasympathomimetic agents in glaucoma Hyperosmotics in glaucoma treatment 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Ophthalmology and Visual SciencesAlbert Einstein College of Medicine, Montefiore Medical CenterBronxUSA
  2. 2.Columbia University Irving Medical CenterNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Department of Ophthalmology, Edward S. Harkness Eye InstituteColumbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and SurgeonsNew YorkUSA

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