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Corneal Dystrophies

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Abstract

Dystrophies of the cornea are progressive, inherited genetic disorders that lead to bilateral deposits in one or more corneal layers. Most corneal dystrophies tend to begin early in life, with the notable exception of Fuchs’ endothelial dystrophy, and are usually inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion. Dystrophies are generally not associated with systemic diseases or corneal inflammation. Corneal neovascularization is usually absent.

Keywords

  • Dystrophies of the cornea
  • Corneal dystrophies
  • Epithelial basement membrane dystrophy
  • Corneal dystrophies of Bowman’s layer
  • Lattice dystrophy
  • Granular dystrophy
  • Macular dystrophy
  • Fuchs’ dystrophy
  • Central crystalline corneal dystrophy
  • Schnyder corneal dystrophy
  • Congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy

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Correspondence to George J. Florakis MD .

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De Rojas, J.O., Florakis, G.J. (2019). Corneal Dystrophies. In: Casper, D., Cioffi, G. (eds) The Columbia Guide to Basic Elements of Eye Care. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-10886-1_13

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-10886-1_13

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-10885-4

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-10886-1

  • eBook Packages: MedicineMedicine (R0)