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Corneal Trauma, Infection, and Opacities

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Abstract

The cornea and conjunctiva comprise the surface structures of the eye. They are in direct contact with the outside world and, as such, are susceptible to a particular set of injuries from exposure or trauma. Indeed, approximately 2.4 million eye injuries occur in the United States each year resulting in approximately 630,000 emergency room visits. Nearly half of the injuries occur at home, and the majority occur in patients age 44 years and younger. Corneal abrasion, a foreign body in the eye, and blunt trauma are common types of eye injury.

Keywords

  • Corneal abrasion
  • Corneal laceration
  • Corneal foreign body
  • Trauma to the cornea
  • Corneal opacities
  • Opacities in the cornea

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Suggested Reading

Trauma

Infection and Ulcer

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  • Sarah A, Collier SA, Gronostaj MP, MacGurn AK, et al. Estimated burden of keratitis – United States, 2010. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2014;63(45):1027–30.

    Google Scholar 

  • Weisenthal RW. Basic and clinical science course. Section 8: External disease and cornea, 2013–2014. San Francisco: American Academy of Ophthalmology; 2014.

    Google Scholar 

Opacities

  • Jhanji V, Chan TC, Li EY, Agarwal K, Vajpayee RB. Adenoviral keratoconjunctivitis. Surv Ophthalmol. 2015;60(5):435–43.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Paulsen AJ, Cruickshanks KJ, Fischer ME, et al. Dry eye in the beaver dam offspring study: prevalence, risk factors, and health-related quality of life. Am J Ophthalmol. 2014;157(4):799–806.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

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Correspondence to Leejee H. Suh MD .

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Fay, J., Suh, L.H. (2019). Corneal Trauma, Infection, and Opacities. In: Casper, D., Cioffi, G. (eds) The Columbia Guide to Basic Elements of Eye Care. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-10886-1_12

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-10886-1_12

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-10885-4

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-10886-1

  • eBook Packages: MedicineMedicine (R0)