Oral Signs of Gastrointestinal Disease

  • John C. SteeleEmail author


It is often said that the mouth is “the window to the body” and thus oral signs and symptoms can frequently be the initial presentation of underlying and more significant disease that warrants further investigation. The mouth is the opening (stoma) at the proximal end of the continuum that is the gastrointestinal tract. It is, therefore, not surprising to find oral manifestations of more distally presenting enteropathic disease.

This chapter intends to discuss the epidemiology, etiopathogenesis, clinical manifestations, oral signs and symptoms, differential diagnosis, and general treatment recommendations for oral disease associated with inflammatory bowel disease (i.e., Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis), celiac disease, autosomal dominant syndromes (Gardner’s and Peutz-Jeghers), malabsorption conditions, and gastroesophageal reflux disease.


oral manifestations Crohn’s disease orofacial granulomatosis ulcerative colitis pyostomatitis vegetans celiac disease Gardner’s syndrome Peutz-Jeghers syndrome malabsorption conditions gastroesophageal reflux 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS TrustLeedsUK
  2. 2.Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of LeedsLeedsUK

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