Neurocognitive Disorders in Older Adults (Vascular Dementia)

  • Olatunji Aina
  • Jenny Downes-Brydon
  • Edmond ChiuEmail author


Recent developments in the understanding of the relationship between vascular risk factors, vascular cognitive disorders and dementia have led to a renewed interest in these risk factors and their management. The role of the primary care physician in the prevention, control and management of all aspects of vascular diseases is highlighted. Diagnostic criteria in the DSM, ICD and VASCOG systems are examined, in particular their relevance and usefulness in primary care settings. Cognitive domains in a “bedside” testing schedule may be helpful for the primary care physician in their daily practice. Primary and secondary care for people with vascular cognitive disorders places the primary care physician in crucial roles.


Early identification of vascular dementia Active management of vascular risk factors Primary prevention of vascular dementia Primary and secondary management of patients 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olatunji Aina
    • 1
  • Jenny Downes-Brydon
    • 2
  • Edmond Chiu
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Medicine of the University of LagosLagosNigeria
  2. 2.Peninsula Family General PracticeFrankstonAustralia
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryThe University of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia

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