Advocating for Better Mental Health Care for Older Adults
- 330 Downloads
A possible negative consequence of the rapid aging of the world population is the increase of the number of older adults with mental disorders. More than 20% of people aged 55 and more may suffer from mental health problems. Mental health problems have a significant impact on an older adult’s ability to carry out the basic activities of everyday life and reduce the person’s independence, autonomy, and quality of life. Despite the already significant and increasing number of well-prepared professionals, a well-developed body of knowledge, and a large number of caregivers, it is becoming more and more difficult to persuade the authorities to invest in the overall older adults’ mental health. It is the responsibility of all mental health professionals, together with those involved, to advocate and to act to ensure that the distribution of available mental health resources is done in an equitable manner to adequately meet the needs of all. One of the ways to bring about a real change in the older adults’ mental health care is to rely on the local, national, and international associations and organizations of the persons concerned by this theme. This chapter reviews some of these international organizations and their current projects.
KeywordsAdvocacy and older adults’ mental health Governmental organizations in older adults’ mental health Nongovernmental organizations in older adults’ mental health EAGP IPA EPA WPA WFMH Alzheimer Europe ADI European Commission UN WHO
- 1.United Nations. World population ageing 2009. New York: UN; 2009.Google Scholar
- 2.World Health Organization, Alzheimer’s Disease International. Dementia: a health public priority. Geneva: WHO; 2012.Google Scholar
- 3.American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry. Geriatrics and mental health—the facts. http://www.aagponline.org/prof/facts_mh.asp.
- 4.United States. Public Health Service. Office of the surgeon general. Mental health. A report of the surgeon general. Washington, D.C.: NIMH; 1999. http://profiles.nlm.nih.gov/ps/retrieve/ResourceMetadata/NNBBHS. Accessed 26 May 2013.Google Scholar
- 5.World Health Organization. Mental Health Atlas. Geneva: WHO; 2014. p. 2015.Google Scholar
- 6.Organisation Mondiale de la Santé. Déclaration d’Alma-Ata sur les soins de santé primaires. 12 September 1978. http://www.who.int/topics/primary_health_care/alma_ata_declaration/fr/.
- 7.Warner J, Graham N, de Mendonça Lima CA, Broadaty H, et al. Mental health — and how the other half lives. Letter to the editor. The Times, 24th January 2014.Google Scholar
- 8.World Psychiatric Association/World Health Organization. Psychiatry of the elderly: a consensus statement. (Doc: WHO/MNH/MND/96.7). Geneva: WHO; 1996. p. 11.Google Scholar
- 9.World Psychiatric Association/World Health Organization. Organization of care in psychiatry of the elderly: A technical consensus statement. (DOC: WHO/MSA/MNH/MND/97.3). Geneva: WHO; 1997. p. 15.Google Scholar
- 10.World Psychiatric Association/World Health Organization. Education in psychiatry of the elderly: a technical consensus statement. (DOC: WHO/MSA/MNH/MND/98.4). Geneva: WHO; 1998. p. 9.Google Scholar
- 11.Graham N, Lindesay J, Katona C, Bertolote JM, Camus V, Copeland JRM, de Mendonça Lima CA, Gaillard M, Nargeot MCG, Gray J, Jacobsson L, Kingma M, Kühne N, O’Loughlin A, Saracenon B, Taintor Z, Wancata J. Reducing stigma and discrimination against older people with mental disorders: a technical consensus statement. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2003;18:670–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 12.Gustafson L, Burns A, Katona C, Bertolote JM, Camus V, Copeland JRM, Dufey AF, Graham N, Ihl R, Kanowski S, Kühne N, de Mendonça Lima CA, Alvarez M, Rutz W, Tataru NL, Tudose C. Skill-based objectives for specialist training in old age psychiatry. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2003;18:686–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 14.Katona C, Chiu E, Adelman S, Baloyannis S, Camus V, Firmino H, Gove D, Graham N, Ghebrehiwet T, Icelli I, Ihl R, Kalasic A, Leszek L, Kim S, de Mendonça Lima CA, Peisah C, Tataru N, Warner J. World psychiatric association section of old age psychiatry consensus statement on ethics and capacity in older people with mental disorders. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2009;24(12):1319–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 16.Camus V, Katona C, de Mendonça Lima CA, Hakam AMA, Graham N, Baldwin R, Chiu E. on behalf of the WPA section on old age psychiatry. Teaching and training in old age psychiatry: a general survey of the World Psychiatric Association member societies. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2003;18:694–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 17.United Nations. Report of the second world assembly on ageing. Madrid 8–12 April 2002. New York: United Nations; 2002.Google Scholar
- 18.United Nations. Follow-up to the second world assembly on ageing. New York: United Nations; 2010.Google Scholar
- 19.United Nations. Universal declaration of human rights. New York: United Nations; 1948.Google Scholar
- 20.World Health Organization. Day-hospitals for the elderly. In: WHO. Quality assurance in mental health care. Check-lists & glossaries. Geneva: WHO; 2007. WHO/MSA/MNH/MND/97.2.Google Scholar
- 22.Organisation Mondiale de la Santé. Guide d’intervention mhGAP pour lutter contre les troubles mentaux, neurologiques et liés à l’utilisation de substances psychoactives dans les structures de soins non spécialisées: Programme d’action Combler les lacunes en santé mentale. Genève: OMS; 2011.Google Scholar
- 23.World Health Organization. Neurological disorders: public health challenges. Geneva: WHO; 2006.Google Scholar
- 24.World Health Organization. Dementia: a public health priority. Geneva: WHO; 2012.Google Scholar
- 25.World Health Organization. First WHO ministerial conference on global action against dementia: meeting report, WHO Headquarters, Geneva, Switzerland, 16–17 March 2015. http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/179537/1/9789241509114_eng.pdf?ua=1&ua=1.