The ARPA Experience in Chile: Problem Solving for Teachers’ Professional Development

  • Patricio FelmerEmail author
  • Josefa Perdomo-Díaz
  • Cristián Reyes
Part of the ICME-13 Monographs book series (ICME13Mo)


In this chapter, we present the ARPA Initiative, a research and development program having as a main goal the introduction of problem solving into regular teachers’ practice as a way of enriching mathematics classrooms, moving the attention from teacher to students and opening the route for developing abilities intertwined with content rather than content alone. Starting with the educational context in Chile, we describe the origin of the ARPA Initiative and then its professional development program with its different workshops: PSAction, (We use PS in front of our workshops’ names for emphasizing the role of Problem Solving in them.) PSContent, PSMonitor and, with special emphasis, PSClassroom, the core of the initiative. The experiences and research taking part along three years are then described, to conclude with learnings from practice and the main challenges for the future.



Funding from Fondef ID14I10338, PIA-CONICYT Basal Funds for Centers of Excellence Project FB0003, Basal CMM Projects, University of O’Higgins and Project EDU2015-65270-R are gratefully acknowledged. The authors are thankful to Lisa Darragh for useful comments on the chapter content and form and to Peter Liljedahl for many inspiring conversations, in particular the one in which we visualized the changes proposed in Sect. 14.7.

The authors want to thank the editors for granting us the opportunity of publishing this chapter, the referees for various interesting suggestions and for pointing out some English improvements.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patricio Felmer
    • 1
    Email author
  • Josefa Perdomo-Díaz
    • 1
  • Cristián Reyes
    • 1
  1. 1.SantiagoChile

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