Sport Injury Primary and Secondary Prevention

  • Rogério PereiraEmail author
  • Renato Andrade
  • Alexandre Rebelo-Marques
  • João Espregueira-Mendes


Prevention of sports-related injury is partial and significantly conceivable and yields important health, sportive, societal, and economic benefits. Every stakeholder within sports should embrace and boost prevention of sports-related injuries. It brings and enables superior outcomes in health, sports, and financial scopes. It is an exercise of professionalism, governance, and clever management. Knowledge and its translation into practice require hard work and transdisciplinary. However, broadening the involvement of professionals’ areas cannot preclude the need to ongoing research of core subjects of sports medicine such as epidemiology, anatomy, physiology, biomechanics, neurosciences, planning and prescription of preventive measures, and others. Yet, science of implementation and models from social sciences are crucial to successful implementation of preventable measures. There is a responsibility hierarchy that needs to be definitely and entirely called into action. No doubts could subsist that Prevention is the best remedy (Portuguese saying). Injury prevention measures have to merge as core value and culture signature of every sports organization and ruling bodies.

This chapter will approach the aetiology and mechanism of sports injuries, provide a historical overview of injury prevention models, underline current limitations of translating the scientific evidence into real-world practice, describe the effectiveness of primary injury prevention programs with simple injury prevention pedagogic exercises for some of the common injuries, and highlight some important factors to be considered in secondary prevention of sports injuries.


Injury prevention Secondary prevention Implementation Effectiveness 


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Copyright information

© ISAKOS 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rogério Pereira
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  • Renato Andrade
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Alexandre Rebelo-Marques
    • 1
    • 2
    • 5
    • 6
  • João Espregueira-Mendes
    • 1
    • 2
    • 7
    • 8
  1. 1.Clínica do Dragão, Espregueira-Mendes Sports Centre—FIFA Medical Centre of ExcellencePortoPortugal
  2. 2.Dom Henrique Research CentrePortoPortugal
  3. 3.Faculty of SportsUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal
  4. 4.University Fernando PessoaPortoPortugal
  5. 5.Faculty of MedicineUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  6. 6.Coimbra Institute for Clinical and Biomedical Research (iCBR)CoimbraPortugal
  7. 7.Medicine School of Minho UniversityBragaPortugal
  8. 8.ICVS/3B’s–PT Government Associate LaboratoryBraga/GuimarãesPortugal

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