Musculoskeletal Health and Healthy Ageing

  • Sharon L. Brennan-Olsen
  • Alan Hayes
  • Gustavo DuqueEmail author


The global shift in age demographics is undisputed. However, increased longevity does not necessarily equate to extra years lived in good health; rather, some older populations appear to be living longer with declining physical capacities. Inherent in the ageing process is between person diversity in biological declines and functional capacity; however, the subtle physiological changes that occur over time are only loosely associated with age. Older age should not imply frailty, pain, or dependence. Muscle, bone, and joint health are important determinants of healthy ageing. This chapter discusses some of the more common diseases affecting muscle, bone, and joints in the context of healthy ageing, including the pathophysiology and the primary (before disease is present), secondary (when disease is identified), and tertiary (existing disease) prevention. We end the chapter with a consideration of how to achieve efficacious prevention of musculoskeletal diseases to maximise function and independence across the lifespan.


Healthy ageing Musculoskeletal Sarcopenia Osteoporosis Osteosarcopenia Falls Fractures Mobility Disability 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sharon L. Brennan-Olsen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alan Hayes
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Gustavo Duque
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Medicine-Western HealthThe University of MelbourneSt AlbansAustralia
  2. 2.Australian Institute for Musculoskeletal Science (AIMSS)The University of Melbourne and Western HealthSt AlbansAustralia
  3. 3.Institute for Health and SportVictoria UniversityFootscrayAustralia

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