Epilogue: A Future of Convergence and Crises

  • James BoxallEmail author
Part of the Advances in Geographic Information Science book series (AGIS)


Teaching and learning GIScience, or anything for that matter, is influenced by the context of technology. The context is not the technology itself, as a tangible entity; rather it is the overall qualities, actions, people and outcomes which take place during current developments and that have a lineage to past shifts in technology. This chapter takes the last 60 years and breaks them into three periods of massive change: 1957–1995, 1995–2015 and 2015–2030. While the chapter outlines positive results from technological change that impacted GIScience, it does use a cautionary tone when considering the present lack of a shared goal. In some ways, the context today and moving forward is unique in that it may not be a context at all.


Education Technology Change Space race Prediction Trends Culture 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dalhousie University, GISciences Centre, Killam LibraryHalifaxCanada

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