Skip to main content


  • 305 Accesses


The president is head of government and responsible for the appointment of the prime minister, deputy prime ministers and cabinet. Although the executive model is constitutionally based on the Republican model, the power of the president in Belarus is central within the government structure. Often referred to as Europe’s last dictator, president Lukashenko, who has won every presidential election since the country’s independence in 1991, has been heavily criticised for suppressing democracy and free speech, violating human rights, and denying the opposition access to state media. The president is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term; half of all registered voters must turn out for the result to be valid.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD   259.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD   329.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Learn about institutional subscriptions

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Exotix Capital .

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2019 The Author(s)

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Exotix Capital (2019). Belarus. In: Exotix Developing Markets Guide. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Palgrave Macmillan, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-05866-1

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-05867-8

  • eBook Packages: Economics and FinanceEconomics and Finance (R0)