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Polylactic Acid (PLA)-Based Nanocomposites: Processing and Properties

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Bio-based Polymers and Nanocomposites

Abstract

Polylactic acid (PLA) is the most comprehensively explored biodegradable and renewable thermoplastic polyester. It has the capacity to substitute polymers from fossil fuel-based resources. However, certain properties such as uncontrolled degradation, poor thermal properties, gas permeability, and profound brittleness characteristic may restrict the wide-scale utilization of PLA. Consequently, nano-based reinforcements have been widely exploited to upgrade some of the shortcomings. With the advancement in the field of nanotechnology, PLA nanocomposites have emerged as an excellent material. These materials have a big potential for applications in food packaging, medical applications, and tissue cultures. This chapter mainly assesses the different types of nanocomposites from PLA in terms of reinforcing materials. The resultant composite structures are correlated for different processing methods with the quality and factors of dispersion of reinforcements.

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Sharif, A., Mondal, S., Hoque, M.E. (2019). Polylactic Acid (PLA)-Based Nanocomposites: Processing and Properties. In: Sanyang, M., Jawaid, M. (eds) Bio-based Polymers and Nanocomposites . Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-05825-8_11

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