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Abstract

The ongoing territorial conflict with Armenia forms the backdrop to Rumyantsev’s chapter on Azerbaijan. The central discursive myth of the historical enemy, variously personified as Armenian, Russian and Iranian, occupies a key role in the country’s historical narrative and public political discussions. The debate centres on the enhancement of Azerbaijani national history as a component of the ideology that services not only the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict but also the policy of ‘nationalising nationalism’. The politicisation of history, the development of a single ‘master narrative’ underscoring Azerbaijani victimhood and the notion of ‘incomplete sovereignty’ and its instrumentalisation by the mass media is exemplified by figures such as Abulfaz Elbicay, Heydar and Ilham Aliyev, and Sabir Rustamxanli, politicians who also hold academic doctorates.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    E. Gellner, Nations and Nationalism (Ithaca/New York: Cornell University Press, 1983), 1.

  2. 2.

    V. Shnirelman, Voini Pamati: mifi, identichnost i politika v Zakavkazye (Moscow: IKZ ‘Akademkniga’, 2003), 114.

  3. 3.

    T. de Waal, Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through Peace and War (New York/London: New York University Press, 2003), 12.

  4. 4.

    Waal, Black Garden; S. E. Cornell, Small Nations and Great Powers: A Study of Ethnopolitical Conflict in the Caucasus (Richmond, UK: Curson Press, 2001); L. Broers, ed., The limits of leadership elites and societies in the Nagorny Karabakh peace process (London: Conciliations Resources, 2005).

  5. 5.

    S. Rumyansev, ed., History Lessons of the Twentieth Century: “Our Neighbours” and “Us” (The South Caucasus and Turkey) (Tbilisi: Heinrich Böll Stiftung South Caucasus, 2012); S. Rumyansev, ‘Geroicheski’ Epos i Konstruirovanie Obraza Istoricheskogo Vraga’, Ab Imperio 2 (2005), 441–468; I. Abbasov and S. Rumyansev, ‘Azerbaijan. Ways to Perpetuate the Past: Analyzing The Images of ‘Others’ in Azerbaijani History Textbooks’. In Contemporary History Textbooks in the South Caucasus, ed. L. Vesely (Prague: Association for International Affairs AMO, 2008), 33–56.

  6. 6.

    B. Shaffer, Borders and Brethren: Iran and the Challenge of Azerbaijani Identity (Harvard: The MIT Press, 2002); T. Swietochowski, Russia and Azerbaijan: A Borderland in Transition (New York: Columbia University Press, 1995).

  7. 7.

    T. Swietochowski, Russian Azerbaijan, 1905–1920. The Shaping of National Identity in a Muslim Community (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985), 135–139; A. Altstadt, The Azerbaijani Turks: Power and Identity under Russian Rule (Stanford, California: Hoover Institution Press, 1992), 41–49.

  8. 8.

    Ibid., 201–202.

  9. 9.

    Ibid., 17–18.

  10. 10.

    T. Veliev et al., Istoriya Azerbaijana. Uchebnik dla 10 Klassa Obsheobrazovatelnoi Shkoli (Baku: Chashioglu, 2004), 1; T. Gaffarov et al., Istoriya Azerbaijana. Uchebnik dla 11 Klassa Obsheobrazovatelnoi Shkoli (Baku: Chashioglu, 2002), 1.

  11. 11.

    Fuad Akhundov, head of the public and political affairs section at the Azerbaijani Republic’s Presidential Administration, ‘Modern Armenian state established on the native Azerbaijanis’ land’, accessed 21 April 2017, http://www.azertag.gov.az/ru/node/933991.

  12. 12.

    Yaqub Mammadov, ‘Speech by the director of the A. Bakixanov Institute of History of the National Academy of Sciences (NASA) on the occasion of the presentation of a group of historians with the Azerbaijani State Award at a reception in honour of the state holiday Republic Day’, Bakinskiy Rabochiy, 28 May 2012.

  13. 13.

    Y. Mahmudlu et al., Otechestvo. Uchebnik dla Patogo Klassa (Baku: Chashioglu, 2003), 137.

  14. 14.

    Gaffarov et al., Istoriya Azerbaijana. Uchebnik dla 11 Klassa, 13.

  15. 15.

    Ibid., 315.

  16. 16.

    ‘March in Baku’, Azadliq Radiosu, 26 February 2012, accessed 21 April 2017, http://www.radioazadlyg.org/content/article/24496282.html.

Further Reading

  • Abbasov, I., and S. Rumyansev. ‘Azerbaijan. Ways to Perpetuate the Past: Analyzing the Images of “Others” in Azerbaijani History Textbooks’. In Contemporary History Textbooks in the South Caucasus, edited by L. Vesely, 33–56. Prague: Association for International Affairs AMO, 2008.

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  • Cornell, S. E. Small Nations and Great Powers: A Study of Ethnopolitical Conflict in the Caucasus. Richmond (UK): Curson Press, 2001.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kilit Aklar, Y. ‘The Teaching of History in Azerbaijan and Nationalism’. Ab Imperio 2 (2005), 469–97.

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  • Shaffer, B. Borders and Brethren: Iran and the Challenge of Azerbaijani Identity. Harvard: The MIT Press, 2002.

    Google Scholar 

  • de Waal, T. Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through Peace and War. New York/London: New York University Press, 2003.

    Google Scholar 

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Rumyansev, S. (2019). Azerbaijan. In: Cajani, L., Lässig, S., Repoussi, M. (eds) The Palgrave Handbook of Conflict and History Education in the Post-Cold War Era. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-05722-0_5

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-05722-0_5

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