GLaSS: Semi-supervised Graph Labelling with Markov Random Walks to Absorption

  • Max GlonekEmail author
  • Jonathan Tuke
  • Lewis Mitchell
  • Nigel Bean
Conference paper
Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI, volume 812)


Graph labelling is a key activity of network science, with broad practical applications, and close relations to other network science tasks, such as community detection and clustering. While a large body of work exists on both unsupervised and supervised labelling algorithms, the class of random walk-based supervised algorithms requires further exploration, particularly given their relevance to social and political networks. This work proposes a new semi-supervised graph labelling method, the GLaSS method, that exactly calculates absorption probabilities for random walks on connected graphs, whereas previous methods rely on simulation and approximation. The proposed method models graphs exactly as a discrete time Markov chain, treating labelled nodes as absorbing states. The method is applied to a series of undirected graphs of roll call voting data from the United States House of Representatives. The GLaSS method is compared to existing supervised and unsupervised methods, demonstrating strong and consistent performance when estimating the labels of unlabelled nodes in graphs.


Community detection Graph labelling Random walk Markov chain Political networks 



The authors thank Data to Decisions CRC and the ARC Centre of Excellence for Mathematical and Statistical Frontiers for their financial support.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Max Glonek
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jonathan Tuke
    • 1
  • Lewis Mitchell
    • 1
  • Nigel Bean
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Mathematical SciencesUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia
  2. 2.ARC Centre of Excellence for Mathematical and Statistical Frontiers, University of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia

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