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An Overview on Plant Fiber Technology: An Interdisciplinary Approach


Researches on plant fibers for composite applications are increasing due to the demand of materials from renewable sources, which do not consume fossil fuels during manufacture, thus avoiding greenhouse gas emissions. An interdisciplinary approach is required to cover all aspects of plant fiber research, but the actual literature shows many gaps in this sense, where many works are limited in one field of study and may present unclear conclusions. To solve this problem, we did a systematic approach in the literature to provide a review of key aspects of plant fibers, regarding biology, chemistry, and engineering.


  • Lignocellulosic fibers
  • Cell wall chemistry
  • Surface modification
  • Composite materials
  • Interdisciplinary approach

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-05399-4_34
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Adapted from Varki et al. [60]

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  1. 1.

    Relation between amorphous and crystalline regions, which can be calculated from x-ray diffraction analysis, most commonly by Segal’s Method [52].



Compound middle lamella


Degree of polymerization


Guaiacyl (G)










Transmission electron microscopy


Microfibrillar angle


Middle lamella


Hydroxyl groups


Primary wall


Rhamnogalacturonan I


Rhamnogalacturonan II


Resin transfer molding




Secondary wall 1


Secondary wall 2


Secondary wall 3


Sheet molding compound


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The authors wish to thank the CNPq, Capes and FAP-DF for financial assistance during this work.

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Correspondence to Sandra Maria da Luz .

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da Silva, A.M.B., da Luz, S.M., Siva, I., Jappes, J.T.W., Amico, S.C. (2019). An Overview on Plant Fiber Technology: An Interdisciplinary Approach. In: Inamuddin, Thomas, S., Kumar Mishra, R., Asiri, A. (eds) Sustainable Polymer Composites and Nanocomposites. Springer, Cham.

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