Ethical Challenges for the Environment from Traditional and Complementary Medicine

  • Kate ChatfieldEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Philosophy book series (BRIEFSPHILOSOPH)


A healthy environment is essential for human (and animal) health. The delivery of healthcare services can have highly detrimental environmental impacts. For instance, the production, transport and storage of medicines may contribute to the depletion of natural resources and, at the same time, accelerate pollution of the environment with by-products and waste materials. Thus, health care that is intended to keep humans and animals healthy also contributes to ill-health. Given the burgeoning need to make health care more sustainable, the impact of T&CM, specifically herbal medicine, upon the environment is examined. Recommendations are given on how harm to the environment can be avoided and/or minimised. Since the wellbeing of the environment is intricately linked to the health of living organisms, an examination of the relationship between the environment and health is included.


Traditional and complementary medicine Herbal medicine Environment Sustainability Climate change Degradation Peak oil Ecosystems Health 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Professional EthicsUniversity of Central LancashirePrestonUK

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