An Ethical Matrix for Traditional and Complementary Medicine

  • Kate ChatfieldEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Philosophy book series (BRIEFSPHILOSOPH)


Ethical challenges to the use of T&CM are wide-ranging. The vast majority of published concerns are associated with the potential for harm to human users but there are also concerns for the wellbeing of animals and the environment. The ethical matrix is a bioethical methodology that has proven value across a number of disciplines to aid identification and analysis of ethical issues. Its use entails the mapping of ethical challenges against the applied ethical principles of wellbeing, autonomy and justice. Using the ethical matrix, ethical challenges related to T&CM are identified. Following completion of the matrix, the full extent of ethical issues relating to humans, animals and the environment becomes evident.


Traditional medicine Complementary medicine Alternative medicine Ethical matrix Principlism Wellbeing Autonomy Justice 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Professional EthicsUniversity of Central LancashirePrestonUK

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