The Importance of “Ocean Literacy” in the Anthropocene and How Environmental Education Can Help in Its Promotion

  • Natalia Pirani Ghilardi-LopesEmail author
  • Laura Pioli Kremer
  • Juliana Imenis Barradas
Part of the Brazilian Marine Biodiversity book series (BMB)


The next generations will face new challenges related to the effects of anthropic impact on the planet. The knowledge about marine socioecological systems will be crucial if we want to maintain a safe operating space for human activities. In this chapter, the concept of “ocean literacy” and its use as a tool to empower the society to cope with this new situation in our history on Earth will be addressed, followed by a brief view of its use on Europe, North America, and South America. After that, the reasons why modern citizens should know, understand, and care about the ocean will be presented. Finally, we will discuss possibilities for the promotion of ocean literacy through environmental education (EE), based on the EE principles established since 1970s.


Sustainable development goals Ocean literacy Anthropocene Planetary boundaries Threats to marine ecosystems Environmental education 



We thank Peterson Lásaro Lopes for the elaboration of Fig. 1.1.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Natalia Pirani Ghilardi-Lopes
    • 1
    Email author
  • Laura Pioli Kremer
    • 2
  • Juliana Imenis Barradas
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Natural and Human SciencesFederal University of ABC (UFABC)São Bernardo do CampoBrazil
  2. 2.Campus ItajaíInstituto Federal de Santa Catarina (IFSC)ItajaíBrazil

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