The BLE Fingerprint Map Fast Construction Method for Indoor Localization

  • Haojun Ai
  • Weiyi HuangEmail author
  • Yuhong Yang
  • Liang Liao
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11337)


Radio fingerprinting-based localization is one of the most promising indoor localization techniques. It has great potential because of the ubiquitous smartphones and the cheapness of Bluetooth and WiFi infrastructures. However, the acquisition and maintenance of fingerprints require a lot of labor, which is a major obstacle in site survey. In this paper, we propose a radio map fast construction mechanism for Bluetooth low energy (BLE) fingerprint localization. The advertising interval of BLE beacon and the way of smartphones scanning BLE packets are different from WiFi. The lower interval of BLE packets and the mode of smartphone returning packets instantly both signify more refined fingerprints. Firstly, we reproduce the walking path based on pedestrian dead reckoning (PDR) and sensor landmarks and then map BLE signals to the path finely, which helps the collection process. Then we develop a detection rule according to the probability of smartphone scanning BLE beacons in a short period of time, avoiding accidental BLE signals. Finally, BLE signals associated with estimated collection coordinates are used to predict fingerprints on untouched places by Gaussian process regression. Experiments demonstrate that our method has an average localization accuracy of 2.129 m under the premise of reducing the time overhead greatly.


Indoor localization BLE fingerprint Gaussian process regression Radio map 



This work is partially supported by The National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFB0502201).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haojun Ai
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • Weiyi Huang
    • 2
    Email author
  • Yuhong Yang
    • 2
    • 4
  • Liang Liao
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.School of Cyber Science and EngineeringWuhan UniversityHubeiChina
  2. 2.National Engineering Research Center for Multimedia Software, School of Computer ScienceWuhan UniversityHubeiChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Aerospace Information Security and Trusted ComputingMinistry of EducationWuhanChina
  4. 4.Collaborative Innovation Center of Geospatial TechnologyWuhanChina
  5. 5.ChangZhou Municipal Public Security BureauChangzhouChina
  6. 6.Key Laboratory of Police Geographic Information TechnologyMinistry of Public SecurityNanjingChina

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