The Awareness of Europeans in Ancient Times

  • Wolfgang GlatzerEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Well-Being and Quality of Life Research book series (BRIEFSWELLBEING)


In its past, Europe and Europeans were perceived as very different from today. Early European continent was an unknown territory in the North of the Mediterranean Sea, and its population was from the view of Greek’s high culture called “barbarians”. Europe was explored step by step, beginning with the voyages of Pytheas of Massilia to the North of Europe. Barbarians surrounding the Greek people were perceived as people of inferior culture, bad habits, uncivilized, primitive and cruel. Though Europe has made civilizational steps forward to higher cultural levels the threat though all kind of new barbarians have remained all the time a challenge for the continent and the world.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social SciencesGoethe UniversityFrankfurt am MainGermany

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