Skip to main content

Collateral Damage of Global Governance on the Local Level: An Analysis of Fragmented International Regimes in the Brazilian Amazon

Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)

Abstract

Since the 1990s, the interests of local populations have become increasingly interlinked with various global interests, such as the search for land for agro-industrial production; the protection of Indigenous peoples, forests, biodiversity and the climate; the fight against terrorism and the search for secure borders; and the demand for licit and illicit goods—from metals to energy resources to narcotics. In these circumstances, local populations see their livelihood and security often overlooked, enter a spiral of short-lived informal survival strategies, and become vulnerable to the criminalization of their social and economic reproduction. This chapter assesses the effects of national and global governance from the bottom-up perspective of Brazilian peripheries.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-05039-9_8
  • Chapter length: 20 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   119.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-05039-9
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD   159.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 8.1

Notes

  1. 1.

    Kurtenbach and Lock 2004: 49.

  2. 2.

    Kurtenbach and Lock 2004: 50.

  3. 3.

    Glenny 2008: 6.

  4. 4.

    CPT, land conflicts in 2016: www.cptnacional.org.br/index.php/component/jdownloads/send/4-areas-em-conflito/14039-areas-em-conflito-2016

  5. 5.

    IBGE announced the next census in April 2017: http://mundogeo.com/blog/2017/04/03/ibge-anuncia-o-censo-agropecuario-2017/

  6. 6.

    www.estadao.com.br/noticias/economia,concentracao-de-terras-aumenta-no-brasil-aponta-ibge,443398,0.html

  7. 7.

    www.sasp.org.br/index.php/notas/75-concentracao-de-terras-na-mao-de-poucos-custa-caro-ao-brasil.html

  8. 8.

    About 40 per cent of the Amazon is under special regimes.

  9. 9.

    PCCDAM: www.amazonfund.gov.br/FundoAmazonia/export/sites/default/site_pt/Galerias/Arquivos/Publicacoes/PPCDAm_3.pdf

  10. 10.

    There is only one institution informal land users can approach besides their trade unions (STRs): the Ministério Público (MPE), an independent and often proactive state attorneyship, present in almost all municipalities.

  11. 11.

    Quilombo is the term for villages of descendants of African slaves; legally, they dispose of special collective land rights, but practically, it is very difficult to claim those rights.

  12. 12.

    Hecht 2011: abstract.

References

  • Abromeit, H. 2003. Nutzen und Risiken direktdemokratischer Instrumente. In Claus Offe (Hrsg.), Demokratisierung der Demokratie. Diagnosen und Reformvorschläge, FFM, S. 95–110.

    Google Scholar 

  • Adger, N.W., and A. Jordan. 2009. Governing Sustainability. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Agrawal, A., and C.C. Gibson. 1999. Enchantment and Disenchantment: The Role of Community in Natural Resource Conservation. World Development 27: 629–649.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Anderson, S.D. 1991. Engenhos na várzea: uma análise do declínio de um sistema de produção traditional na Amazônia. In: Amazônia—A fronteira agrícola 20 anos depois, eds. Phillippe Léna and Adélia Engrácia de Oliveira. Belém-Pará: MPEG

    Google Scholar 

  • Backhouse, M. 2016. Grüne Landnahme: Fallstudie zur Expansion der Palmölproduktion in Amazonien (Pará/Brasilien). Dissertation Zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades, Doktorin der Philosophie (Dr. phil.) am Lateinamerika Institut der Freien Universität Berlin.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bezerra, M.O. 1995. Corrupção—Um estudo sobre poder público e relações pessoais no Brasil. Rio de Janeiro: Relume-Dumará.

    Google Scholar 

  • Brondízio, E. 2008. The Amazonian Caboclo and the açaí palm: Forest Farmers in the Global Market. Nueva York: The New York Botanical Garden Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cardinale, B., et al. 2013. Biodiversity Loss and Its Impact in Humanity. Nature 468: 59–76. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v486/n7401/pdf/nature11148.pdf

  • Cartier-Bresson, J. 1997. Corruption Networks: Transaction Security and Illegal Social Exchange. In Political Corruption, ed. P. Heywood (Hg.). Oxford: Blackwell.

    Google Scholar 

  • Carvajal, G. de. 1542/1942. Relación del Nuevo Descubrimiento del famoso Rio Grande que descubrió por muy gran ventura el Capitán Francisco Orellana. Transcripciones de Fernándes de Oviedo y Dn. Toribio Medina y studio crítico del descubrimento. Biblioteca Amazonas, vol. I, Quito.

    Google Scholar 

  • Castilho, A.L. 2012. Partido da Terra. Ed. Contexto. São Paulo.

    Google Scholar 

  • Clapham, C. 1982. Clientelism and the State. In Private Patronage and Public Power: Political Clientelism and the Modern State, ed. C. Clapham. London: Frances Pinter.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cleary, D. 2001. Towards an Environmental History of the Amazon: From Prehistory to the Nineteenth Century. Latin American Research Review 36 (2): 64–96. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2692088?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

  • De Soto, H. 1989. The Other Path. New York: Harper and Row Publishers Inc..

    Google Scholar 

  • ———. 2000. The Mystery of Capital – Why Capitalism Triumphs in the West and Fails Everywhere Else. New York. Basic Books.

    Google Scholar 

  • Escobar, A. 1995. Encountering Development – The Making and the Unmaking of the Third World. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Feitosa Souza, P., D.R. Xavier, St Rican, V.P. de Matos, and Ch. Barcellos. 2015. The Expansion of the Economic Frontier and the Diffusion of Violence in the Amazon. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 12: 5862–5885. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120605862.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Geffray, Ch. 1996. Efeitos Sociais, Econômicos e Políticos da Penetração do Narcotráfico na Amazônia Brasileira (Enquête Mato Grosso), 77 pp. Working Paper, Brasília.

    Google Scholar 

  • ———. 1997. Efeitos Sociais, Econômicos e Políticos da Penetração do Narcotráfico na Amazônia Brasileira (Enquête Rondonia. Costa Marques, Guajará-Mirim, 1980–1991), 72 pp. Working Paper, Brasília.

    Google Scholar 

  • ———. 1998. Efeitos Sociais, Econômicos e Políticos da Penetração do Narcotráfico na Amazônia Brasileira (Enquête Rondonia: Tráfico Internacional, Lavagem Local e Política), 128 p. Working Paper, Brasília.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ghani, A., and C. Lockhart. 2008. Fixing Failed States: A Framework for Rebuilding a Fractured World. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Glenny, M. 2008. McMafia – Die grenzenlose Welt des organisierten Verbrechens. Spiegel Buch: Hamburg.

    Google Scholar 

  • Goldin, I. 2013. Divided Nations: Why Global Governance Is Failing, and What We Can Do About It. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hecht, S. 2011. The New Amazon Geographies: Insurgent Citizenship, “Amazon Nation” and the Politics of Environmentalisms. Journal of Cultural Geography 28 (1): 203–223.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Heine, J., and R. Thakur, eds. 2011. The Dark Side of Globalization. Tokyo: United Nations University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • idem. 2012. Cosmological Perspectivism in Amazonia and Elsewhere. En: Masterclass Series 1, 46–153. Manchester: HAU Network of Ethnographic Theory. http://www.haujournal.org/index.php/masterclass/article/viewFile/72/54

  • Jojarth, Ch. 2009. Crime, War, and Global Trafficking – Designing International Cooperation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Keohane, R.O., and J.S. Nye. 2000. Governance in a Globalizing World. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kurtenbach, S., and P. Lock, eds. 2004. Kriege als (Über)lebenswelten. Bonn: Dietz.

    Google Scholar 

  • Latour, B. 2004. The Politics of Nature. How to Bring Science Into Democracy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Leary, D., and Pisupati. 2010. The Future of International Environmental Law. Tokyo: United Nations University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mayntz, R. 2002. Internationale Organisationen im Prozess der Globalisierung. In Peter Nahamowitz/Rüdiger Voigt (Hrsg.), Globalisierung des Rechts II; Internationale Organisationen und Regelungsbereiche, 85–100. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

    Google Scholar 

  • McIllwain, J.S. 1999. A Social Network Approach. Crime, Law and Social Change 32 (4): 301–321.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Münch, R. 1998. Globale Dynamik, lokale Lebenswelten. Der schwierige Weg in die Weltgesellschaft. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.

    Google Scholar 

  • ———. 2001. Offene Räume. Soziale Integration diesseits und jenseits des Nationalstaats. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.

    Google Scholar 

  • Murphy, C. 2000. Global Governance: Poorly Done and Poorly Understood. International Affairs 76 (4): 789–804. Publisher: Wiley Online Library.

    Google Scholar 

  • Naim, M. 2005. Illicit. New York: First Anchor Books Edition

    Google Scholar 

  • Newman, E., R. Thakur, and J. Tirman, eds. 2006. Multilateralism Under Challenge? Power, International Order, and Structural Change. Tokyo/New York/Paris: United Nations University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Nishii, L.H., and M.F. Özbilgin. 2007. Global Diversity Management: Towards a Conceptual Framework. The International Journal of Human Resource Management 18 (11: Global Diversity Management): 1883–1894.

    Google Scholar 

  • Nordstrom, C. 2007. Global Outlaws: Crime, Money, and Power in the Contemporary World. London: University of California Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Oliveira, de Adélia Engrácia. 1983. Ocupaҫão Humana. In Amazônia – Desenvolvimento, Integraҫão Ecologia, eds. Salati, Shubart, Junk, and Oliveira. Belém.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pieterse, J.N. 2002. Global Inequality: Bringing Politics Back In. Third World Quarterly 23 (6): 1023–1046.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Pogge, Th.W. 1997. Creating Supranational Institutions Democratically. Journal of Political Philosophy 5: 163–182.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • ———., ed. 2001. Global Justice. Oxford: Blackwells.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rehfeld, A. 2005. The Concept of Constituency, Political Representation, Democratic Legitimacy and Institutional Design. Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Richards, M. 1997. Common Property Resource Institutions and Forest Management in Latin America. Development and Change 28: 95–117.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Santos, R. 1980. História Econômica da Amazônia (1800–1920). São Paulo: T. A. Queiroz.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sassen, S. 1999. Globalization and Its Discontents. New York: Free Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schmitter, Ph. 2007. The Future of Democracy in Europe: Trends, Analyses and Reforms. A Green Paper for the Council of Europe, Co-ordinated by Philippe C. Schmitter European University Institute (Italy) and Alexander H. Trechsel University of Geneva (Switzerland).

    Google Scholar 

  • Schönenberg, R. 2002. Chapter 6: Drug Trafficking in the Brazilian Amazon. In Globalization, Drugs and Criminalisation – Drug Trafficking, Criminal Organisations & Money Laundering, vol. 2, 174–205. MOST/UN-ODCCP.

    Google Scholar 

  • ———. 2013. The Roots of Organized Crime in the Amazon. In Transnational Organized Crime, eds. HBS and Regine Schönenberg. Bielefeld.

    Google Scholar 

  • ———. 2015. What Comes After Deforestation Control? Learning from Three Attempts of Land-use Planning in Southern Amazonia. In: GAIA 2-2015.

    Google Scholar 

  • Segebart, D. 2007. Partizipatives Monitoring als Instrument zur Umsetzung von Good Local Governance – Eine Aktionsforschung im östlichen Amazonien/Brasilien. In Tübinger Geographische Studien, ed. D. Eberle Herausgeber, H. Förster, G. Kohlhepp, and K.-H. Pfeffer. Tübingen: Geographisches Institut der Universität Tübingen.

    Google Scholar 

  • Stichweh, R. 2005. Inklusion und Exklusion: Studien zur Gesellschaftstheorie. Bielefeld: Transcript.

    Google Scholar 

  • UNESCO/MOST. 2002. Globalization, Drugs and Criminalization. Paris: UNESCO/UNODCCP.

    Google Scholar 

  • Viveiros de Castro, E. 1996. Images of Nature and Society in Amazonian Ethnology. Annual Review of Anthropology 25: 179–200. www.jstor.org/stable/2155823

  • Wagner Berno de Almeida, A. 2013. Traditionell besetztes Land in Brasilien. Manaus: UEA Edições.

    Google Scholar 

  • Walk, H., and C. Schröder. 2011. Warum Partizipation? Einige Überlegungen am Beispiel der Umweltdebatte. In Wissenschaft & Umwelt Interdisziplinär, Band 14: Demokratie und Umweltkrise. Brauchen wir mehr Mitbestimmung? München: oekom, S. 212–218.

    Google Scholar 

  • Webb, J.W., et al. 2009. You Say Illegal, I Say Legitimate: Entrepreneurship in the Informal Economy. Academy of Management Review 34: 492–510.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Weiss, Th.G., and R. Thakur. 2010. Global Governance and the UN. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Weng, X. 2015. The Rural Informal Economy. Understanding Drivers and Livelihood Impacts in Agriculture, Timber and Mining. IIED-Working Paper April 2015, London.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Regine Schönenberg .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2019 The Author(s)

About this chapter

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Schönenberg, R. (2019). Collateral Damage of Global Governance on the Local Level: An Analysis of Fragmented International Regimes in the Brazilian Amazon. In: Polese, A., Russo, A., Strazzari, F. (eds) Governance Beyond the Law. International Political Economy Series. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-05039-9_8

Download citation